The Capital Sins Or Vices
According to St. Thomas a capital vice is that which has an exceedingly desirable end so that in his desire for it a man goes on to the commission of many sins all of which are said to originate in that vice as their chief source. It is not then the gravity of the vice in itself that makes it capital but rather the fact that it gives rise to many other sins. These are enumerated by St. Thomas as vainglory , avarice, gluttony, lust, sloth, envy, anger. St. Bonaventure gives the same enumeration. Earlier writers had distinguished eight capital sins: so St. Cyprian Cassian Columbanus Alcuin . The number seven, however, had been given by St. Gregory the Great , and it was retained by the foremost theologians of the Middle Ages.
Snake and Apple
Sinfulness Of Abortion Homosexuality Contraception
Compared with Catholics, cultural Catholics and ex-Catholics are less likely to say it is a sin to have an abortion or use contraceptives.
Catholics are about as likely as Protestants to say having an abortion is a sin , but they are less likely than Protestants to say engaging in homosexual behavior is sinful . And while relatively few Catholics or Protestants say using artificial means of birth control is a sin, Catholics are more inclined than Protestants to express this view .
Compared with Catholics and Protestants, the religiously unaffiliated are much less likely to believe in the concept of sin. Nevertheless, roughly a fifth of the unaffiliated say having an abortion and engaging in homosexual behavior are sinful , and only 7% find the use of contraceptives sinful.
Looking at the public as a whole, the study finds that young people are less likely than older adults to say that homosexual behavior is sinful. Roughly a third of Americans under age 30 say engaging in homosexual behavior is sinful, compared with about half of those ages 30 and older.
The age differences in views toward homosexual behavior also are seen among Catholics. About half of Catholic adults under age 30 say engaging in homosexual behavior is not sinful. By comparison, roughly four-in-ten or fewer Catholics in the older age categories say homosexuality is not sinful.
Chapter : Beliefs About Sin
Roughly nine-in-ten U.S. Catholics say they believe in the concept of sin that there are actions or deeds that can be offensive to God. But there is less unanimity among Catholics about which specific actions or behaviors constitute a sin. For example, while most Catholics say abortion is sinful, they are divided as to whether homosexual behavior is a sin. They also are divided on the question of whether buying luxury goods without giving to the poor constitutes a sin.
And when asked about some behaviors that have long been condemned by the Catholic Church as sinful, Catholics do not always agree with the church. For example, there are more Catholics who say it is not sinful to get remarried after a divorce without first obtaining an annulment than say it is sinful . In addition, more than half of Catholics say living with a romantic partner outside of marriage is not sinful. And fully two-thirds of Catholics say it is not a sin to use contraceptives.
This chapter explores attitudes about sin in more detail, focusing on beliefs about the very concept of sin as well as on the sinfulness of specific sexual and reproductive behaviors, the sinfulness of various marital and living arrangements and what might be thought of as sins of excess.
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When Did Confession Start In The Catholic Church
While private penance was first found in the penitential books of the eighth century, the beginnings of the Sacrament of Reconciliation in the form of individual confession as we know it now, i.e. bringing together confession of sins and reconciliation with the church, can be traced back to 11th century.
Loss Of The Sense Of Sin
The Holy Father goes on to discuss our loss of the sense of sin today:
Over the course of generations, the Christian mind has gained from the Gospel as it is read in the ecclesial community a fine sensitivity and an acute perception of the seeds of death contained in sin, as well as a sensitivity and an acuteness of perception for identifying them in the thousand guises under which sin shows itself. This is what is commonly called the sense of sin.
This sense is rooted in mans moral conscience and is as it were its thermometer. It is linked to the sense of God, since it derives from mans conscious relationship with God as his creator, Lord and Father. Hence, just as it is impossible to eradicate completely the sense of God or to silence the conscience completely, so the sense of sin is never completely eliminated.
Why has this happened in our time? A glance at certain aspects of contemporary culture can help us to understand the progressive weakening of the sense of sin, precisely because of the crisis of conscience and crisis of the sense of God already mentioned.
Finally the sense of sin disappears when as can happen in the education of youth, in the mass media and even in education within the family it is wrongly identified with a morbid feeling of guilt or with the mere transgression of legal norms and precepts.
Is Leaving The Catholic Church A Sin
Is leaving the one true Catholic Church considered as SIN against the holy spirit?
Indeed it is!
Jesus said, He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters. Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the sin against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. Furthermore, whoever says a word against the Son of man will be forgiven but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come .
A simple understanding of this matter is what we call Renunciation of Faith. For example, a Catholic leaves his/her faith what does it mean? It suggests that he/she will no longer believe in the traditional doctrine of the church. He will no longer partake in the Eucharist which is our heavenly food that nourishes our soul. He will no longer believe in the symbolism of the cross, he will refuse to receive the sacraments. The sad thing is that he will never again attend the Holy Eucharist which is the highest form of Worship long before and was practiced in the apostolic era. These are just some of the sad realities if one would leave the church.
Obey your leaders and submit to them, for they are keeping watch over your souls, as those who will have to give an account.
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven
Slavery Incorporated Into Canon Law
Slavery was imposed as an ecclesiastical penalty by General Councils and local Church councils and Popes, 11791535…
The crime of assisting the Saracens 11791450…..
The crime of selling Christian slaves to the Saracens 1425. Pope Martin V issued two constitutions. Traffic in Christian slaves was not forbidden, but only their sale to non-Christian masters.
The crime of brigandage in the Pyrenees mountainous districts, 1179.
Unjust aggression or other crimes, 13091535. The penalty of capture and enslavement for Christian families or cities or states was enacted several times by Popes. Those sentenced included Venetians in 1309.
During the War of the Eight Saints, Pope Gregory XI excommunicated all members of the government of Florence and placed the city under interdict, and legalizing the arrest and enslavement of Florentines and the confiscation of their property throughout Europe.
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Revival Of Slavery In The Early Modern Period
By the end of the Middle Ages slavery had become rare in Northern Europe, but less so around the Mediterranean, where there was more contact with non-Christian societies. Some Italian maritime states remained involved in the slave trade, but the only Christian area where agricultural slaves were economically important was the south of the Iberian peninsula, where slaves from wars with Muslims, both in the Reconquista and Christian attempts to expand into North Africa, had recently begun to be augmented with slaves taken from sub-Saharan Africa. Unfortunately, Spain and Portugal were the leaders in the Age of Discovery, and took their slave-making attitudes to their new territories in the Americas.
The theoretical approach of the church to contacts with less-developed peoples in Africa and the Americas carried over from conflicts with Muslims the principle that resistance to Christian conquest, and conversion, was sufficient to make people, including whole populations, “enemies of Christ”, who could be justly enslaved, and then held in slavery even after conversion.
Development Of The Deadlies
By the latter part of the fourth century, a monk named Evagrius Ponticus produced a 100-chapter work titled Praktikos, indicating its aim to help like-minded ascetics to practice the ways of holiness. Given the theological pattern developed much earlier, it should not surprise us to see how the Praktikos opens by naming the sins from which we need to be purged. Only then will Evagrius go on to describe Catholic catechesis and deifying union.
It is here that the list of deadly sins as we have them today, more or less, first appears. These logismoi or wicked thoughts, he called them, were actually first enumerated at eight but fall in the same order that became standard shortly thereafter:
These are the thoughts and temptations that assault the soul from its tranquility in the Trinity, and these are the perverse movements of mankind that render children of Adam pathetic and pitiful.
As helpful as Evagriuss list proved, Pope Gregory the Great saw too much overlap and similarity between two sets of these sins: vainglory and pride, sloth and sorrow. In his extensive and the problem of evil, Pope Gregory therefore took it upon himself to reduce Evagriuss list of eight logismoi into seven deadlies by collapsing vainglory into pride, sorrow into sloth, and adding envy.
This gives us the list of the seven deadly sins as we have it today:
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Catechism Of The Catholic Church
1459 Many sins wrong our neighbor. One must do what is possible in order to repair the harm . Simple justice requires as much. But sin also injures and weakens the sinner himself, as well as his relationships with God and neighbor. Absolution takes away sin, but it does not remedy all the disorders sin has caused. 62 Raised up from sin, the sinner must still recover his full spiritual health by doing something more to make amends for the sin: he must “make satisfaction for” or “expiate” his sins. This satisfaction is also called “penance.”
1460 The penance the confessor imposes must take into account the penitent’s personal situation and must seek his spiritual good. It must correspond as far as possible with the gravity and nature of the sins committed. It can consist of prayer, an offering, works of mercy, service of neighbor, voluntary self-denial, sacrifices, and above all the patient acceptance of the cross we must bear. Such penances help configure us to Christ, who alone expiated our sins once for all. They allow us to become co-heirs with the risen Christ, “provided we suffer with him.” 63
What Is A Mortal Sin According To The Catholic Church
Mortal sins are an aspect of Catholicism however, it is not biblical. It is the belief that certain sins lead to death if they meet certain criteria. If you are worried about mortal sins today, know that all sin can be forgiven by God.
- Vivian BrickerContributing Writer
Mortal sins are part of the doctrine of Catholicism. Religions outside of Catholicism do not hold to the belief of mortal sins as the concept of mortal sins is not found in the Bible. Mortal sins are described as sins that lead to the death of ones soul .
This concept can be difficult to understand for those within Catholicism as well as those outside Catholicism. This article has the purpose of diving into the meaning of mortal sins and what the Bible says about this topic.
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Biblical Description Of Sin
In the Old Testament sin is set forth as an act of disobedience as an insult to God as something detested and punished by God as injurious to the sinner to be expiated by penance . In the New Testament it is clearly taught in St. Paul that sin is a transgression of the law a servitude from which we are liberated by grace a disobedience punished by God . St. John describes sin as an offence to God, a disorder of the will , an iniquity . Christ in many of His utterances teaches the nature and extent of sin. He came to promulgate a new law more perfect than the old, which would extend to the ordering not only of external but also of internal acts to a degree unknown before, and, in His Sermon on the Mount, He condemns as sinful many acts which were judged honest and righteous by the doctors and teachers of the Old Law. He denounces in a special manner hypocrisy and scandal, infidelity and the sin against the Holy Ghost. In particular He teaches that sins come from the heart .
So As Long As I Dont Commit Mortal Sins Im Ok
The distinction between venial and mortal sins does not mean that all venial sins are of equal gravity. However, however grave a venial sin, it still does not merit eternal punishment. Although some mortal sins may be even more serious than others, they all merit eternal punishment. The difference in gravity, however, brings a different degree of temporal punishment, of satisfaction that must be made to God for the sin.
During the 1984 Synod of Bishops, the Bishops suggested that sins should now be divided into venial, grave and mortal sins to indicate that there is a sliding scale of seriousness among sins. The Holy Father addressed this suggestion in his Apostolic Exhortation Reconciliatio et Paenetentia where he said :
But here we come to a further dimension of the mystery of sin, one on which the human mind has never ceased to ponder: the question of its gravity. It is a question which cannot be overlooked and one which the Christian conscience has never refused to answer. Why and to what degree is sin a serious matter in the offense it commits against God and in its effects on man? The church has a teaching on this matter which she reaffirms in its essential elements, while recognizing that is not always easy in concrete situations to define clear and exact limits.
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What Is The Difference Between Mortal And Venial Sin
The Catechism reminds us, Sin is an offense against reason, truth, and right conscience it is failure in genuine love for God and neighbor caused by a perverse attachment to certain goods. It wounds the nature of man and injures human solidarity. It has been defined as an utterance, a deed, or a desire contrary to the eternal law’ .
Traditionally, Catholic moral theology has distinguished between a mortal and a venial sin. In the First Letter of St. John, we read, All wrongdoing is sin, but not all sin is deadly . The notion of a deadly or mortal sin is found in other parts of Sacred Scripture as well: For instance, St. Paul in Galatians asserted, It is obvious what proceeds from the flesh: lewd conduct, impurity, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, hostilities, bickering, jealousy, outbursts of rage, selfish rivalries, dissensions, factions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I have warned you before: those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God! . Therefore, Sacred Scripture explicitly identifies certain sins which kill the grace of God in our soul and deprive a person of eternal salvation.
Three Conditions For Mortal Sin
There are three conditions that make an act a mortal sin:
All three conditions must be met for it to be a mortal sin. If one condition is seriously lacking, it’s not mortal it’s considered a venial sin.
Of course, such actions are still wrong!
A lack of knowledge or freedom only reduces our culpability . We’ve still committed an act that is objectively evil. Such an act cannot help us to grow in grace, virtue or charity. The only upside is that our reduced responsibility means that we don’t kill the life of grace entirely.
Obviously, it’s important to understand these conditions!
The term grave matter means a serious act contrary to the moral law.
The Ten Commandments are the standard reference point for defining grave matter.
- Remember that each commandment is really a category, though. Don’t think you’re off the hook because technically you didn’t “worship a false idol”, for example!
- A good Catholic Examination of Conscience will help you sort out the kinds of things considered to be grave matter.
I should clarify two important things here.
First, a serious act is required. Telling your mother you forgot to put your shoes away , is not the same as perjury or tax fraud. Minor violations are usually seen as venial sins unless serious harm results, or they are committed with real malice.
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