Monday, June 27, 2022
HomeMust ReadWho Was Lilith In Bible

Who Was Lilith In Bible

Lilith In The Talmud And In Midrash

The Untold Truth Of Lilith

Lilith is mentioned four times in the Babylonian Talmud, though in each of these cases she is not referred to as Adams wife. BT Niddah 24b discusses her in relation to abnormal fetuses and uncleanness, saying: If an abortion had the likeness of Lilith its mother is unclean by reason of the birth, for it is a child, but it has wings. Here we learn that the rabbis believed Lilith had wings and that she could influence the outcome of a pregnancy.

BT Shabbat 151b also discusses Lilith, warning that a man should not sleep alone in a house lest Lilith fall upon him in his sleep. According to this and other texts, Lilith is a female succubus not unlike the lillu demons referenced above. The rabbis believed she was responsible for nocturnal emissions while a man was sleeping and that Lilith used the semen she collected to give birth to hundreds of demon babies. Lilith also appears in Baba Batra 73a-b, where a sighting of her son is described, and in Erubin 100b, where the rabbis discuss Liliths long hair in relation to Eve.

Glimpses of Liliths eventual association with the First Eve can be seen in Genesis Rabbah 18:4, a collection of midrashim about the book of Genesis. Here the rabbis describe the First Eve as a golden bell that troubles them in the night. ‘A golden bell’ it is she who troubled me all night…Why do not all other dreams exhaust a man, yet this does exhaust a man. Because from the very beginning of her creation she was but in a dream.

The Alphabet Of Ben Sira

Liliths image as a dangerous demon persists in the Alphabet of Ben Sira, where she becomes the first wife of Adam . As Scholem remarks, this tale sets out to explain the already widespread custom of writing amulets against Lilith. God created Lilith from the earth after the creation of Adam. They immediately began to fight over who would be on top during sexual intercourse. Lilith said, We are equal to each other inasmuch as we were both created from the earth. Lilith then pronounced Gods name and flew away into the air. At Adams request, God sent three angels to bring Lilith back, but she refused. According to one version of the tale, she told them that she could not return to her first husband because she had already slept with the Great Demon. She told the angels that she was created only to sicken newborn babies and that she had dominion over males until the eighth day and over females until the twelfth day after birth. The angels then told her that they would not force her to go back to Adam as long as she agreed to leave the child alone when she saw an amulet inscribed with the angels names and forms. Many amulets have been made against Lilith that refer to this tale. For example, Sefer Raziel contains instructions, with drawings, of how to make an amulet against Lilith. Even today, it is possible to purchase amulets made according to this model in Jerusalem shops that sell religious articles.

Who Is Lilith From The Bible

When looking at demonology and the various figures that appear throughout religion, there is one female figure, one name more so than any other, that has transcended across numerous cultures, and even to this day still routinely appears as a character in all sorts of popular culturethat name is Lilith.

In the Biblical Book of Genesis, there appear to be two contradictory accounts of how humanity was created. In the first instance, God has said to have created man and woman simultaneouslyin Genesis 1: 26 and 27.

However, in Genesis 2, there exist a different variation to the story, which most people are familiar with. Here, we see God created Adam first, out of the dust, and then placing him in the garden of Eden after breathing life into him. He tells Adam that he must tend to the garden, but after a while, He realises that Adam should not be left in solitary to work.

God tries to find a suitable companion for Adam, but after bringing him one of every animal in the world to serve as his companion, none of them appears to be suitable. So, God causes Adam to enter into a deep sleep, and while he was unconscious, he takes one of his ribs and uses it to fashion a woman, Eve.

Adam realises that Eve is a part of himself, and thus, he deems her as a suitable companion.

As you may see, there exist two versions of how man was created, more specifically women.

Its this woman who would become known as the entity, Lilith.

Read Also: How Many Verses Are In Psalms

Lilith And The Biblical Story Of Creation

The biblical book of Genesis contains two contradictory accounts of humanitys creation. The first account is known as the Priestly version and appears in Genesis 1:26-27. Here, God fashions man and woman simultaneously when the text reads: So God created mankind in the divine image, male and female God created them.

The second account of Creation is known as the Yahwistic version and is found in Genesis 2. This is the version of Creation that most people are familiar with. God creates Adam, then places him in the Garden of Eden. Not long afterwards, God decides to make a companion for Adam and creates the animals of the land and sky to see if any of them are suitable partners for the man. God brings each animal to Adam, who names it before ultimately deciding that it is not a suitable helper. God then causes a deep sleep to fall upon Adam and while the man is sleeping God fashions Eve from his side. When Adam awakes he recognizes Eve as part of himself and accepts her as his companion.

Not surprisingly, the ancient rabbis noticed that two contradictory versions of Creation appear in the book of Genesis . They solved the discrepancy in two ways:

Although the tradition of two wives two Eves appears early on, this interpretation of Creations timeline was not associated with the character of Lilith until the medieval period, as we shall see in the next section.

Who Is The First Woman In The Bible

yatzury on Twitter: " Estreno viernes 01/06 7:00 PM en ...

It has been reprinted several times in the 21st century. Lilith, The Legend of the First Woman is a 19th-century rendition of the old rabbinical legend of Lilith, the first woman, whose life story was dropped unrecorded from the early world, and whose home, hope, and Eden were passed to another woman.

Also Check: Inerrant Vs Infallible

The Legend Of Adam’s First Wife

    Delaware Art Museum/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    According to Jewish mythology, Lilith was Adams wife before Eve. Over the centuries she also became known as a succubus demon who copulated with men during their sleep and strangled newborn babies. In recent years the feminist movement has reclaimed her character by re-interpreting the patriarchal texts that portray her as a dangerous female demon in a more positive light.

    This article discusses the character of Lilith in the Bible, Talmud, and Midrash. You can also learn about Lilith in Medieval and feminist writings.

    Was Lilith The First Wife Of Adam

    According to the book titled The Legend of the Jews by Louis Ginzberg, Lilith was Adams first wife and Eve was Adams second wife.

    The Divine resolution to bestow a companion on Adam met the wishes of man, who had been overcome by a feeling of isolation when the animals came to him in pairs to be named. To banish his loneliness, Lilith was first given to Adam as wife. Like him she had been created out of the dust of the ground. But she remained with him only a short time, because she insisted upon enjoying full equality with her husband. She derived her rights from their identical origin. With the help of the Ineffable Name, which she pronounced, Lilith flew away from Adam, and vanished in the air. Adam complained before God that the wife He had given him had deserted him, and God sent forth three angels to capture her. They found her in the Red Sea, and they sought to make her go back with the threat that, unless she went, she would lose a hundred of her demon children daily by death. But Lilith preferred this punishment to living with Adam. She takes her revenge by injuring baby boys during the first night of their life, while baby girls are exposed to her wicked designs until they are twenty days old. The only way to ward off the evil is to attach an amulet bearing the names of her three angel captors to the children, for such had been the agreement between them.

    Also Check: Follow Your Heart Bible Verse

    She Was Adam’s First Wife

    Lilith’s role as Adam’s first wife became part of the Jewish tradition when she was mentioned in a midrash, a text that interprets and explains Hebrew scriptures. The midrash elaborated on inconsistencies in the Book of Genesis: In Genesis 1, man and woman are created at the same time, but then Genesis 2 establishes Eve as the product of Adam’s rib. To reconcile these diverging accounts, there must have been another woman in Adam’s life.

    Enter: Lilith. She was depicted as Adam’s first wife in the Alphabet of Ben Sira, a work that became part of Jewish tradition sometime around the year 1000 CE. According to this interpretation, their marriage eventually failed and she left, prompting God to create Eve.

    Who Was Lilith In The Bible

    Is Lilith the first wife of Adam? Lilith in the Bible.

    The word Lilith means night monster in Hebrew. This gives you an idea of what she meant to people in the ancient world. She was their worst nightmare come true, a demon who would maliciously destroy them if she got the chance.

    Painting of Medusa, by Arnold Bocklin. Medusa was a version of Lilith

    Where did Lilith come from? Babylonia. She was a demon in the Babylonian-Assyrian belief system Lilit, or Lilu, who morphed into a superstitious idea in rabbinic writings.

    Who was Lilith? There were several ideas:

    • she was the mother of Adams demonic children, after he had left Eve
    • or she may have been Adams first wife, who left him in a fit of fury and tried ever after to do him harm.

    You May Like: We Are Born Sinners

    The Two Accounts Of Creation

    It is believed that Adam had a wife before Eve as interpreted from the accounts of creation. According to the writings, Genesis 2:18,

    The LORD God said, It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.

    This is because Lilith had abandoned Adam and the latter had started feeling lonely.

    The writings persuade their readers that because Lilith and Adam were created in the same way, she refused to submit to Adam and hence they fell out.

    Adam drove her out of the garden and that is how God saw that he was lonely again. Out of his mercy, He created Eve as a replacement and called her Woman after man image and flesh. This was the first time the word woman was used, not havi9ng been mentioned when Lilith was created.

    Lilith lineage was matriarchal and characterized by Goddess worshippers Adam lineage was patriarchal. Until their destruction by the Yahwehists in the old testament, the Goddess worshippers were community leaders, healers, and spiritual leaders within their setups.

    Following the annihilation of the descendants of Lilith, the Yahwehists replaced the matriarchal society with a patriarchal society where men took charge and were head of families.

    Lilith: Lady Flying In Darkness

    The most notorious demon of Jewish tradition becomes a feminist hero.

    Half of me is beautifulbut you were never sure which half. Ruth Feldman, Lilith

    Lilith is the most notorious demon in Jewish tradition. In some sources, she is conceived of as the original woman, created even before Eve, and she is often presented as a thief of newborn infants. Lilith means the night, and she embodies the emotional and spiritual aspects of darkness: terror, sensuality, and unbridled freedom. More recently, she has come to represent the freedom of feminist women who no longer want to be good girls.

    Don’t Miss: What Does The Bible Say About Dreams Of Snakes

    Was Eve The First Wife Of Adam

    The Bible rejects the concept that Adam had a wife called Lilith for two reasons. First, the Bible says that both Adam and Eve were created on the same day, the sixth day of creation.

    And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him male and female He created them . . . God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. Genesis 1:27, 31

    It is important to remember that sin had not yet entered the universe. Even if Lilith had been created on the sixth day, she would not have sinned by being disobedient and acting as the Jewish legend describes. Since sin did not enter the universe until Genesis 3 with Adam and Eve, it was not present in Genesis 1 or Genesis 2.

    The second reason Lilith did not exist was that Adam and Eve were the first couple.

    For Adam was first formed, then Eve . . . 1 Timothy 2:13

    Here we are told that Adam was formed first and then Eve was formed next. The Bible never mentions Lilith in Genesis.

    How Lilith Became A Demon

    Lilith (theology)

    So far, we can see two distinct images of Liliththe woman and the demonbut what happened in this middle ground from when she was created up until she became a demon?

    Stories explaining this were developed in much more detail around the Middle Ages, so from the 5th century to the 15th. The tales of Ben Sira and the alphabet of Sirach are pieces of work that echo a sentiment that many scholars and scribes seem to agree upon.

    When Adam and Lilith were created, neither one of them wanted to submit to the other. To some, this just meant who assumed the dominant role in the relationship, whereas others took this to mean neither one wanted to assume the bottom position during sex, as it was a sign of subservience.

    With neither one of them willing to compromise, Lilith then fled the Garden of Eden, out loud she then pronounced Gods real name, and in doing so, she instantly became a winged demon.

    When the Angels pursued her, in the hopes of bringing her back, she told them she had no intention of returning.

    As punishment for her disobedience, the three angels who found her promised to kill 100 of her demon children every dayher purpose now was only to cause illness and sickness to the infants of others.

    The lack of information regarding her origin is made up for by how popular her story was. The Middle Ages mark this period like no other with numerous telling and interpretations.

    Read Also: How To Read The New Testament In Chronological Order

    The Legend Of Lilith: Did Adam Have Two Wives

    There too Lilith shall repose and find a place to rest. Isaiah 34:14

    Thousands of people around the world are currently watching a television series called The Chosen, and it is definitely worth watching. If youre not familiar with it, the story centers on Jesus and His disciples, the people in their lives, Jesus teachings, and the miracles He performed. The production of the show is paid entirely by private donations, and the producers have done a stunning job.

    Unfortunately, some of the show, though highly entertaining, is unbiblical. Some of it is just plain historical fiction. For example, in episode one, a woman is possessed by a demon, and she calls herself Lilith. Jesus approaches her and delivers her from the demon. Once in her right mind, she begins using her birth name Mary and becomes Jesus first disciple.

    Several parts of the womans encounter with Jesus are pure fiction. But the one that caught my attention most was when she called herself Lilith. And that got me wondering.

    Was there a woman possessed by a demon named Lilith anywhere in the Bible? Who was she?

    It turns out there is a Lilith in the Bible. Butshe continues to be fictional.

    The Dead Sea Scrolls Associate Her With Other Demons

    The Dead Sea Scrolls, a group of some 800 texts discovered in the 1940s and 1950s on the West Bank near the Dead Sea, mention Lilith. The scrolls include Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek prayers, legal documents, biblical writings, and apocryphal works.

    Lilith is referred to in the “Song for a Sage,” which was possibly a hymn used during exorcisms:

    And I, the Sage, sound the majesty of His beauty to terrify and confound all the spirits of destroying angels and the bastard spirits, the demons, Lilith… and those that strike suddenly, to lead astray the spirit of understanding, and to make desolate their heart.

    You May Like: How Many Verses In The Psalms

    What Could She Look Like

    “A drawing and a few inscriptions indicate the appearance of a lilith as a young naked woman with long disheveled hair and prominent breasts and genitals . . .” .

    This description would make her something like a demonic version of a hermaphrodite. In humans, a hermaphrodite is a person who possesses a genetic defect that gives them both male and female sexual characteristics.

    Demons In The New Testament

    Old Testament Prophets: Isaiah 34:14. Lilith

    It might surprise modern readers to know that people at the time of Jesus were highly superstitious. They used charms, amulets and magic chants to protect them against evil spirits.

    These magic spirits came in many forms. They could be fairly light-hearted, or quite frighteningly malicious and dangerous. Lilith was one of the latter.

    This fearful superstition was not confined to uneducated people. The rich and powerful were just as likely to believe there were malevolent forces waiting to harm them.

    Of course, official religion denied the power of devils, or the evil eye. Yahweh was, after all, all-powerful. No devil could get the better of God.

    But for ordinary people like the apostles of Jesus, demons were very real.

    Recommended Reading: Read Bible In Chronological Order


    Most Popular