Enlightenment And Modern Period
From the 17th century onward, the questioned the power and influence of the Catholic Church over Western society. In the 18th century, writers such as and the wrote biting critiques of both religion and the Catholic Church. One target of their criticism was the 1685 by King , which ended a century-long policy of religious toleration of Protestant Huguenots. As the papacy resisted pushes for , the of 1789 shifted power to the state, caused the destruction of churches, the establishment of a , and the martyrdom of during the . In 1798, ‘s General invaded the , imprisoning , who died in captivity. Napoleon later re-established the Catholic Church in France through the . The end of the brought Catholic revival and the return of the .
In 1854, , with the support of the overwhelming majority of Catholic bishops, whom he had consulted from 1851 to 1853, proclaimed the as a . In 1870, the affirmed the doctrine of when exercised in specifically defined pronouncements, striking a blow to the rival position of . Controversy over this and other issues resulted in a breakaway movement called the ,
Apostolic Era And Papacy
The , in particular the , records Jesus’ activities and teaching, his appointment of the Twelve Apostles and his of the apostles, instructing them to continue his work. The book , tells of the founding of the Christian church and the spread of its message to the Roman empire. The Catholic Church teaches that its public ministry began on , occurring fifty days following the date Christ is believed to have . At Pentecost, the apostles are believed to have received the Holy Spirit, preparing them for their mission in leading the church. The Catholic Church teaches that the , led by the are the to the Apostles.
Latin And Eastern Churches
In the first thousand years of Catholic history, different varieties of Christianity developed in the Western and areas of Europe, Asia and Africa. Though most Eastern-tradition churches are no longer in communion with the Catholic Church after the of 1054 , 23 autonomous of eastern traditions participate in the Catholic communion, also known as “churches ” .
The largest and most well known is the Latin Church, the only Western-tradition church, with more than 1 billion members worldwide. Relatively small in terms of adherents compared to the Latin Church, are the 23 self-governing Eastern Catholic Churches with a combined membership of 17.3 million as of 2010.
The Latin Church is governed by the pope and diocesan bishops directly appointed by him. The pope exercises a direct role over the Latin Church, which is considered to form the original and still major part of , a heritage of certain beliefs and customs originating in Europe and northwestern Africa, some of which are inherited by many that trace their origins to the Protestant Reformation.
The Eastern Catholic Churches follow the traditions and spirituality of and are churches that have always remained in full communion with the Catholic Church or who have chosen to re-enter full communion in the centuries following the and earlier divisions. These churches are communities of Catholic Christians whose forms of worship reflect distinct historical and cultural influences rather than differences in doctrine.
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Antiquity And Roman Empire
Conditions in the facilitated the spread of new ideas. The empire’s network of roads and waterways facilitated travel, and the made travelling safe. The empire encouraged the spread of a common culture with Greek roots, which allowed ideas to be more easily expressed and understood.
Unlike most religions in the Roman Empire, however, Christianity required its adherents to renounce all other gods, a practice adopted from Judaism . The Christians’ refusal to join celebrations meant they were unable to participate in much of public life, which caused non-Christiansincluding government authoritiesto fear that the Christians were angering the gods and thereby threatening the peace and prosperity of the Empire. The were a defining feature of Christian self-understanding until Christianity was legalised in the 4th century.
Most of the Germanic tribes who in the following centuries invaded the Roman Empire had adopted Christianity in its form, which the Catholic Church declared . The resulting religious discord between Germanic rulers and Catholic subjects was avoided when, in 497, , the ruler, converted to orthodox Catholicism, allying himself with the papacy and the monasteries. The Visigoths in Spain followed his lead in 589, and the Lombards in Italy in the course of the 7th century.
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- We believe in the infallible inspiration of the Scriptures.
- We believe the apostles creed.
- We believe in the new birth.
- We believe in the mission of the church to disciple the nations.
- We believe that all the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord
- We believe in the Westminster Confession of Faith.
Sacraments At The Service Of Communion
According to the Catechism, there are two sacraments of directed towards the salvation of others: priesthood and marriage. Within the general vocation to be a Christian, these two sacraments “consecrate to specific mission or among the people of God. Men receive the holy orders to feed the Church by the word and . Spouses marry so that their love may be fortified to fulfil duties of their state”.
The sacrament of consecrates and deputes some Christians to serve the whole body as members of three degrees or orders: episcopate , presbyterate and diaconate . The church has defined rules on who may be ordained into the . In the Latin Church, the priesthood is generally restricted to celibate men, and the episcopate is always restricted to celibate men. Men who are already married may be ordained in certain Eastern Catholic churches in most countries, and the personal ordinariates and may become deacons even in the Western Church . But after becoming a Catholic priest, a man may not marry unless he is formally laicised.
All clergy, whether deacons, priests or bishops, may preach, teach, baptise, witness marriages and conduct funeral liturgies. Only bishops and priests can administer the sacraments of the Eucharist, Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick. Only bishops can administer the sacrament of Holy Orders, which someone into the clergy.
Church Of Christ The King Xiamen
|Church of Christ the King, Xiamen
|Church of Christ the King
|34 Lujiao Road, Gulangyu Island, Xiamen, Fujian 361002. China
|1917 105 years ago
The Christ the King Church was founded and built by a Spanish Dominican Bishop Manuel Prat Pujoldevall in year 1917. The church along with 51 notable sites on the Gulangyu island was included by the 41st session of the World Heritage Committee held in Krakow, Poland, on 8 July 2017, as the World Heritage Site. Church celebrated its 100 years of existence. It still serves as the cathedral for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Xiamen.
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Message Of Welcome From Our Priest
I am delighted to be one of the first people to welcome you to Christ the King, a place of diversity, faithfulness and joy. The people of God called to be a family at Christ the King come from all parts of Baltimore, all parts of Maryland, and all parts of the world . We are truly diverse in our backgrounds, ages, and places in our faith journey, but we are united by our love of God and the presence of the Holy Spirit working in our lives and this community.
The center of our time together is Sunday Rite II worship at 10am when people of all ages participate.
Currently I am excited as we continue to grow our RISE ministry that is anchored by our weekly food distribution. Since beginning in June 2020 we have fed over 15,000 of our neighbors, and typically feed about 200 people per week. We also have launched a Mother/Baby project that supports families by providing basic supplies.
Christ the King is unique our buildings are blue and our people diverse. Come join us for worship, and come as you are. If there is anything I can do to help you feel welcome or find a ministry, please don’t hesitate to contact me.
God’s Peace, Mary Eliot, Rector
Holy Orders And Women
Women and men religious engage in a variety of occupations, from contemplative prayer, to teaching, to providing health care, to working as missionaries. While are reserved for men, have played diverse roles in the life of the church, with religious institutes providing a formal space for their participation and providing spaces for their self-government, prayer and influence through many centuries. and have been extensively involved in developing and running the church’s worldwide health and education service networks.
Efforts in support of the to the priesthood led to several rulings by the Roman Curia or popes against the proposal, as in , and . According to the latest ruling, found in Ordinatio sacerdotalis, affirmed that the Catholic Church “does not consider herself authorised to admit women to priestly ordination”. In defiance of these rulings, opposition groups such as have performed ceremonies they affirm as sacramental ordinations which, according to , are both illicit and invalid and considered mere simulations of the sacrament of ordination. The responded by issuing a statement clarifying that any Catholic bishops involved in ordination ceremonies for women, as well as the women themselves if they were Catholic, would automatically receive the penalty of , citing canon 1378 of and other church laws.
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How To Get More Involved
To get to know others in our online family, pray together, and join the discussion, visit us at .
On-demand Kings Kids Experiences are available with age-appropriate material, worship songs, discussion guides, and craft ideas.
Pastor Tal & Gwen Sullivan
Tal and Gwen each experienced the blessings of growing up in families that love Jesus and value participation in His Church. Tal was well on his way to becoming a Physical Therapist when God began to redirect him and Gwen to what is now a wholehearted calling to pastoral ministry. In 1995, a few years after being married, Tal and Gwen helped start a new church on Detroits eastside, a life-changing experience that God used to call them into pastoral ministry. In September 2001, the Sullivans came to Church of the Kings very first service to support Pastor Brad Leach, the churchs founding pastor, and were soon invited to be a part of the ministry team. After serving for almost eight years as the Family Life Pastor, God led Tal to the responsibility of Lead Pastor when Brad resigned in order to follow Gods leading to plant a church in Philadelphia. Tal and Gwen have three children and are passionate about helping people be healthy and thriving in their walk with the Lord and their relationships with others. They believe there is no one whose life cannot be incredibly changed by the love and power of God.
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Social And Cultural Issues
, reflecting the concern Jesus showed for the impoverished, places a heavy emphasis on the and the , namely the support and concern for the sick, the poor and the afflicted. Church teaching calls for a preferential while canon law prescribes that “The Christian faithful are also obliged to promote and, mindful of the precept of the Lord, to assist the poor.” Its foundations are widely considered to have been laid by Pope Leo XIII’s 1891 encyclical letter which upholds the rights and dignity of labour and the right of workers to form unions.
Catholic teaching regarding sexuality calls for a practice of , with a focus on maintaining the spiritual and bodily integrity of the human person. Marriage is considered the only appropriate context for sexual activity. Church teachings about sexuality have become an issue of increasing controversy, especially after the close of the Second Vatican Council, due to changing cultural attitudes in the Western world described as the .
The church has also addressed stewardship of the natural environment, and its relationship to other social and theological teachings. In the document , dated 24 May 2015, Pope Francis critiques and , and laments and . The pope expressed concern that the warming of the planet is a symptom of a greater problem: the developed world’s indifference to the destruction of the planet as humans pursue short-term economic gains.
Dioceses Parishes Organisations And Institutes
Individual countries, regions, or major cities are served by known as in the Latin Church, or in the Eastern Catholic Churches, each overseen by a bishop. As of 2008, the Catholic Church has 2,795 dioceses. The bishops in a particular country are members of a national or regional episcopal conference.
Dioceses are divided into , each with one or more , , or . Parishes are responsible for the day to day celebration of the sacraments and pastoral care of the laity. As of 2016, there are 221,700 parishes worldwide.
In the Latin Church, Catholic men may serve as deacons or priests by receiving sacramental . Men and women may serve as , as readers ” rel=”nofollow”> lectors), or as . Historically, boys and men have only been permitted to serve as altar servers however, since the 1990s, girls and women have also been permitted.
Ordained Catholics, as well as members of the , may enter into either on an individual basis, as a or , or by joining an in which to take confirming their desire to follow the three of , and obedience. Examples of institutes of consecrated life are the , the , the , the , the , the and the .
“Religious institutes” is a modern term encompassing both “” and “,” which were once distinguished in . The terms “religious order” and “religious institute” tend to be used as synonyms colloquially.
By means of and beyond, the Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of and in the world.
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Middle Ages And Renaissance
The Catholic Church was the dominant influence on Western civilisation from to the dawn of the modern age. It was the primary sponsor of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerist and Baroque styles in art, architecture and music. Renaissance figures such as , , , , , , , and are examples of the numerous visual artists sponsored by the church. Historian Paul Legutko of said the Catholic Church is “at the center of the development of the values, ideas, science, laws, and institutions which constitute what we call “.
In the 11th century, the efforts of led to the creation of the to elect new popes, starting with in the . When Alexander II died, Hildebrand was elected to succeed him, as . The basic election system of the College of Cardinals which Gregory VII helped establish has continued to function into the 21st century. Pope Gregory VII further initiated the regarding the independence of the clergy from secular authority. This led to the between the church and the , over which had the authority to appoint bishops and popes.
In 1438, the convened, which featured a strong dialogue focussed on understanding the theological differences between the East and West, with the hope of reuniting the Catholic and Orthodox churches. Several eastern churches reunited, forming the majority of the .
The Episcopal Church Of Christ The King
The Episcopal Church of Christ the King
1930 Brookdale Road Baltimore, MD 21244
Sunday worship at 10am, both in person
and vritual on Youtube channel Mary Eliot
Our feeding ministry is every Wednesday from 11-2:30
Palm Sunday/ Passion Sunday April 10
Stations of the Cross April 13 all day and 7pm
Maundy Thursday 7pm
Good Friday April 15: noon and 7pm
Easter Sunday- Celebration of the Resurrection
Early morning outside at 8am
10am Eucharist, Easter Egg Hunt follows
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Protestant Reformation And Counter
In 1415, was burned at the stake for heresy, but his reform efforts encouraged , an monk in modern-day Germany, who his to several bishops in 1517. His theses protested key points of Catholic as well as the sale of , and along with the this led to his in 1521. In , , and other further criticised Catholic teachings. These challenges developed into the Reformation, which gave birth to the great majority of and also within the Catholic Church. Meanwhile, petitioned for a concerning his marriage to . When this was denied, he had the passed to make himself , spurring the and the eventual development of .
The Reformation contributed to clashes between the Protestant and the Catholic Emperor and his allies. The first nine-year war ended in 1555 with the but continued tensions produced a far graver conflictthe which broke out in 1618. In France, a series of conflicts termed the was fought from 1562 to 1598 between the and the forces of the , which were backed and funded by a series of popes. This ended under , who hesitantly accepted King 1598 granting civil and to French Protestants.