Iv Reasons Why Paul Wrote Romans:
A. Paul planned to do missionary work in Spain and thus visit the Romans for prayer and financial support
B. Paul was interested in the Roman church, and intended to come for many years
C. Paul wanted to preach the Gospel and impart a spiritual benefit to the Romans
D. Since the book has so many doctrines, Paul wanted to instruct the Romans in their faith
E. Perhaps Phoebe was going to Rome so it was a good opportunity to write
Interpretation Of Christian Faith
The position of Vatican in 18th Century aswell as most Protestant missionaries and churches today is based on theinterpretation of Christian faith, especially the first two of the Tencommandments .However if the interpretation of the above on Chinese religious perspective onancestral worship is taken into account, the charge of the violation of Tencommandments is not fit in the context.
Furthermore, in the discussion amongmissionaries in the 1907 conference, the issue of individual conscience wasraised in relation to dealing of the Ancestral Tablet. This was a realbreakthrough in the discussion of the ancestral worship since Morrisons essayof 1832. The languages of eachone must be fully persuaded in his own mindand A decision of the Emperor..might make it easier for a weak Christian to disobey the voice ofconscience. For the strong Christianit might only make him realize that he must oppose the Imperial decision bothas to Imperial and as to the Confucian worship surely echo languages used in I Cor. 8-10and Rm. 14: 1- !5:13, especially 14: 5b. Since the relationship between thediscussion and I Cor. 8-10 has been commonly seen.I would like to propose that the message of Rm. 14:1 15:13 is also relevant to the discussion, which has beenoverlooked. The issue related is the identity crisis faced by both JewishChristians and Chinese Christians.
Who Is The Author Of Romans
In the opening line of this letter the authorship is clearly defined:
Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God .
Pauls journey to apostleship was quite different than all the other apostles. Born as Saul and originating from Tarsus he was a devout Jew. He was a well-educated man who, prior to his conversion, prided himself on his devotion to the law. In his own words,
If someone else thinks they have reasons to put confidence in the flesh, I have more: circumcised on the eighth day, of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of Hebrews in regard to the law, a Pharisee as for zeal, persecuting the church as for righteousness based on the law, faultless .
Whats unique about Paul is that, prior to his conversion and in spite of his devotion to the Jewish religion, he was a ruthless persecutor of the church.
But Saul began to destroy the church. Going from house to house, he dragged off both men and women and put them in prison .
This man was committed and devoted to destroying Christianity while it was in its infancy. Just the mention of his name struck fear in the hearts of the early believers. However, that all changed on the Damascus road. In Acts 9 we read the story of Sauls transformation:
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The Identity Of The Strong And The Weak
In 14: 1-15: 13, the controversy isbetweenthe ‘strong’ and the ‘weak’.Some scholars, such as Karris,who appealed to the argument of Rauer,have argued strongly that the ‘weak’ might be Christians with syncretistic orascetic tendencies, but not ordinary Jews.However, the evidence that the issue involves clean and unclean foods strongly supportsthe view that the weak were Christians who observed the Mosaic law.It is probable that most of them would be ethnically Jewish but may includesome Gentiles. The strong were mostly Gentile Christians who did not followthe Mosaic law, among whom there may be some ethnic Jews who act like Paul.For convenience, these two groups of Christians are designated ‘JewishChristians’ and ‘Gentile Christians’ respectively. This way of identifying the’strong’ and the ‘weak’ has been a point of growing consensus among mostscholars.
The most significant difficulty of thisinterpretation is the evidence that the ‘weak’ were vegetarians who notonly abstained from meat but also from wine . However, the evidencefound in Dan. 1: 8-16 Esth. 14: 17 Jud. 12: 1-4 Josephus V 14indicates that there were cases of Jews who abstained from both meat and winewhen they were in a situation which was controlled by Gentiles.
Where Was Apostle Paul When He Wrote The Book Of Romans
During the winter of 5758 a.d., Paul was in the Greek city of Corinth. From Corinth, he wrote the longest single letter in the New Testament, which he addressed to Gods beloved in Rome . Like most New Testament letters, this letter is known by the name of the recipients, the Romans.
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The Historical Background Of The Book Of Romans
The book of Romans is one of the most read and reread books of the Bible. With its clear and concise explanation of the Gospel, Romans is often the book new believers start with when they begin studying the Bible.
No matter whether youre on your 1st or 101st read-through of the letter to the Romans, there is something new to learn and to carry into ones life of faith. But have you ever found yourself wondering about the context of this inspirational book? Why was the book of Romans written? What was happening in the Christian community at the time? Lets explore the historical context surrounding Romans together so that we might grow in our appreciation and understanding of this important Biblical book.
When Did Paul Write The Letter
It was probably written in AD 57. There’s been a little bit of debate about that. Some people think it’s a little bit earlier, maybe AD 55 or so, a few maybe think it is a little bit later. But AD 57 works pretty well with the narrative of the book of Acts.
Paul seems to have been was Corinth and the most likely opportunity that he had to write this letter in Corinth comes in the first part of Acts chapter 20, where Paul spent three months in Greece.
He was probably in the city of Corinth because in Romans 16, he sends Phoebe, who was a deaconess in the church in Cenchrea, apparently with the letter to the Romans to Rome, and Cenchrea was a little port city right near Corinth.
It’d make a lot of sense if Paul was in Corinth when he wrote this letter. The best place to locate that as see it in the narrative of Acts is Acts chapter 20, verses one to four, and so, the best place to date that part of Paul’s career around AD 57.
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The Old Testament: Various Schools Of Authors
To explain the Bibles contradictions, repetitions and general idiosyncrasies, most scholars today agree that the stories and laws it contains were communicated orally, through prose and poetry, over centuries. Starting around the 7th century B.C., different groups, or schools, of authors wrote them down at different times, before they were at some point combined into the single, multi-layered work we know today.
Of the three major blocks of source material that scholars agree comprise the Bibles first five books, the first was believed to have been written by a group of priests, or priestly authors, whose work scholars designate as P. A second block of source material is known as Dfor Deuteronomist, meaning the author of the vast majority of the book of Deuteronomy. The two of them are not really related to each other in any significant way, Baden explains, except that they’re both giving laws and telling a story of Israel’s early history.
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Epistle To The Romans
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|Paul in the Bible|
The Epistle to the Romans or Letter to the Romans, often shortened to Romans, is the sixth book in the New Testament. Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by Paul the Apostle to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ. It is the longest of the Pauline epistles.
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So What Changes About The First Part Of Romans When We Read The Book Backward How Does Knowing The Social Context Change Our Understanding Of The Theology
Lets start with what is to me a very critical verse that is largely ignored: In 11:13 Paul says, Now I speak to you Gentiles. From that point on, through the rest of 11, Paul is exhorting the gentile believers not to get too cocky about their redemption.
That made me look back at Romans 9:1-11:10 and see that it is written to Jewish believers, to the Weak. Its loaded with Scriptures, and keeps pounding away rhetorically with one question after another. When I noticed the abundance of the Old Testament and the interrogative form of those two chapters, and the absence of Old Testament Scripture and interrogative questions later, it made me realize that Paul talks to his fellow Jewish believers in a different way than he does to gentile believers. And that Paul talks to his audience in Romans 1 through 4 the same way he talks in 9:1 through 11:10, so that is for the Jewish believers.
In other words, Romans 1-4 is not a sustained argument that is trying to prove to people that theyre sinners and need to accept justification by faith. Its that Paul wants to show to the Weak believers in Rome that theyre not saved by the law that redemption and transformation come by way of the line of Christ, which is Gods grace, death to sin, life in Christ and the Spirit.
Chapters 5-8 are the core of Romans, and are addressed to everybody its his solutions to the problem of tension in Rome. That tension is only resolved when they live in the Spirit and not in the flesh.
What Happened Ad 57
Roman Empire Envoys from Cilicia come to Rome to accuse their late governor, Cossutianus Capito, of extortion the Roman Senate is supported in the case by Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus. Emperor Nero becomes a Roman consul. In Britain, Quintus Veranius Nepos becomes governor in place of Aulus Didius Gallus.
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What Was Happening In Rome At That Time
We know a good bit about what was happening in Rome in AD 57 because we have a Roman historian named Tacitus, who wrote in the early second century AD. Tacitus tells us a great deal about the emperor Nero. And we also have another historian, Suetonius, who tells us a lot about Nero. Nero was the emperor in this particular period. We actually have a lot of evidence for the historical and cultural background of this church to whom Paul was writing.
Who Wrote The Bible
Over centuries, billions of people have read the Bible. Scholars have spent their lives studying it, while rabbis, ministers and priests have focused on interpreting, teaching and preaching from its pages.
As the sacred text for two of the worlds leading religions, Judaism and Christianity, as well as other faiths, the Bible has also had an unmatched influence on literatureparticularly in the Western world. It has been translated into nearly 700 languages, and while exact sales figures are hard to come by, its widely considered to be the worlds best-selling book.
But despite the Bibles undeniable influence, mysteries continue to linger over its origins. Even after nearly 2,000 years of its existence, and centuries of investigation by biblical scholars, we still dont know with certainty who wrote its various texts, when they were written or under what circumstances.
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Paul A Bondservant Of Jesus Christ Called To Be An Apostle Separated To The Gospel Of God Romans : 1
The problem arises not with the authorship but with the disunity of the epistle. Some Latin manuscripts omit Romans 15:1 16:24 , and the closing doxology is placed at the end of chapter 14 in some manuscripts. These variations have led some scholars to conclude that the last two chapters were not originally part of the epistle or that Paul issued it in two editions. However, most scholars believe that chapter 15 fits in logically with the rest of the epistle. There is more debate over chapter 16, because Paul greets by name twenty-six persons in a church he has never visited.
Some scholars contend that it was a separate letter, perhaps written to Ephesus, that was appended to this epistle. Such a letter would be surprising, to say the least , especially in the ancient world. It is simpler to understand the list of greetings as Pauls effort as a stranger to the Roman church to list his mutual friends. Paul met these people in the cities of his missionary journeys. Significantly, the only other Pauline epistle that lists individual greetings was addressed to the believers at Colosse, another church Paul had never visited. It may be that this portion was omitted from some copies of Romans because it did not seem relevant.
Ii Date And Destination: From Corinth In The Winter Of Ad 56
A. Date: Winter A.D. 56-57 from Corinth
1. A Relative Chronology: Romans was probably written during Pauls third missionary journey from Corinth:7
a. The letter was written when Paul was about to set out for Jerusalem
b. Paul also considers himself to have completed his missionary work among the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire 8, therefore, the journey is most probably the one recorded in Acts 20–21 which begins from Corinth .
c. Paul desired to go to Rome , but had been prevented now he hopes to go there on his way to Spain , but first he is going to Jerusalem with the offering for the poor from the Gentile churches
d. Therefore, in view of Pauls setting, Corinth seems to be the place from which Paul wrote Other indications that Paul wrote from Corinth are:
1) Paul commends Phoebe as a servant of the church in Cenchreae, Corinths eastern seaport 16:1-2
2) Paul sends greetings from Gaius in whose house he was staying who may well have been the same Gaius mentioned in 1 Corinthians 1:14 as the one whom Paul baptized in Corinth 16:23
3) The greeting from Erastus the city treasurer may have been the Erastus who stayed in Corinth .
2. A More Absolute Chronology: Paul probably wrote Romans between A.D. 56-57
a. Paul seems to have stood before Gallio, the proconsul of Achaia, in the summer of A.D. 51 on his second missionary journey9
b. After staying many days in Corinth Paul set out for Syria and remained some time in Ephesus
1. There was an early church in Rome
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Paul Admonishes The Jewish And The Gentilechristians Not To Pass Judgement On One Another
In this passage, there are one first person singular verband one first person pronoun in v. 11, both of which are part of the OTquotations two first person plural pronouns in vv.7, 12 and remarkably ninefirst person plural verbs in vv. 8, 10, 13, of which seven occur in v.8.Furthermore there are five second person singular pronouns in vv.4, and 10, ofwhich four occur in v.10 and there is only one second person plural verb, whichoccurs in the first verse.
Naturally, we start our analysis from v.1. Paul starts hisexhortation by using the second person plural imperativeproslambanesthe which most probablyrefers to the ‘strong’ mentioned later in 15:1.If this is the case, Paul starts his admonition explicitly towards the GentileChristians in Rome requesting them to welcome a Jewish Christianwho participates in the fellowship of their house churches,even though the Jewish Christian only eats vegetables when he participates inthe communal meal with them . As we have mentioned above, this could havehappened when the Jewish Christians returned to Rome after the death ofClaudius and participated in the existing Gentile Christian house churches.This evidence does not imply that the Jewish Christian was a vegetarian ingeneral. His abstaining from meat was probably because he had doubts as towhether the meat provided by the Gentile Christians was prepared according tothe Jewish food laws.
From a detailed personaeanalysis of this passage , we gatherthe following findings:
Who Were The Romans In The Bible
The Epistle to the Romans or Letter to the Romans, often shortened to Romans, is the sixth book in the New Testament. Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by the Apostle Paul to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ. It is the longest of the Pauline epistles.
Also question is, who were the Romans and where did they come from?
The Romans are the people who originated from the city of Rome in modern day Italy. Rome was the centre of the Roman Empire the lands controlled by the Romans, which included parts of Europe , Greece and Spain), parts of North Africa and parts of the Middle East.
One may also ask, who ruled Rome when Jesus was born? Caesar Augustus
Accordingly, what does Roman mean in the Bible?
The name Roman is a Biblical Names baby name. In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Roman is: Strong powerful.
Who is the book of Romans addressed to?
From Corinth, he wrote the longest single letter in the New Testament, which he addressed to God’s beloved in Rome . Like most New Testament letters, this letter is known by the name of the recipients, the Romans. Paul’s letters tended to be in response to specific crises.
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