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What Are The Seven Sacraments Of The Catholic Church

The Sacrament Of Reconciliation

The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Our frail human nature suffers many different types of breakdowns some are physical in nature, but many more are breakdowns in our relationships with God and others. These breakdowns in our relationships, all of which involve a turning away from God, are called sin and require recognition of the fault and some process of restoring the relationship with whomever was wronged.

The Sacraments Of Christian Initiation

Christian initiation is accomplished by means of those sacraments which establish the foundations of Christian life. Believers are born anew by Baptism and strengthened by Confirmation and nourished by the Eucharist.

Catholics are usually baptised as infants and then receive Eucharist and Confirmation between the ages of about 7 and 12.

Adults who wish to become Catholic can, after a period of preparation, receive the three sacraments at the same time. If they have been previously baptised in another Christian denomination, they are not to be baptised again.

In some Eastern Catholic Churches, such as the Maronite Church, infants are fully initiated at the time of their Baptism. That is, they are baptised, receive their first Eucharist and are confirmed.


This sacrament is called Baptism because of the central rite with which it is celebrated. To baptise means to immerse in water. The one who is baptised is immersed into the death of Christ and rises with him as a new creature . This sacrament is also called the bath of regeneration and renewal in the Holy Spirit , and enlightenment because the baptised become children of light .


Confirmation confirms and strengthens baptismal grace. It is called Chrismation in the Eastern Churches because the essential rite of the sacrament is anointing with the holy oil of chrism.


The Eucharist is the very sacrifice of the Body and Blood of the Lord Jesus which he instituted at the Last Supper:

The Sacraments Of Christ

“Adhering to the teaching of the Holy Scriptures, to the apostolic traditions, and the consensus . . . of the Fathers,” we profess that “the sacraments of the new law were . . . all instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord.” : DS 1600-1601). During his hidden life and public ministry, Jesus’ words and actions were already salvific, for they anticipated the power of his Paschal mystery. So they announced and prepared what he was going to give the Church when all was accomplished. the mysteries of Christ’s life are the foundations of what he would henceforth dispense in the sacraments, through the ministers of his Church, for “what was visible in our Savior has passed over into his mysteries.”

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Sacraments At The Service Of Communion And Mission

Two sacraments, Holy Orders and Matrimony, confer a special grace for a particular mission in the Church to serve and build up the People of God. These sacraments contribute in a special way to ecclesial communion and to the salvation of others. Read more about the Sacraments at the Service of Communion and Mission.

Living Out The Sacraments

My Reflections...: The Seven Sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church...

Receiving one of the seven sacraments is a life-changing moment where one truly experiences Gods salvation and Christs sacrifice. Events like first communion are exciting and deserve special gifts. Growing in faith doesnt only happen through the sacraments, it happens through daily prayer and devotion. Tools like a rosary, Bible, prayer journal and cross can assist you in practicing your faith.

If you know anyone about to partake in a sacrament or looking for tools to nourish their faith, consider blessing them in their journey with special religious gifts. It will be a keepsake that will stay with them as their faith continues to deepen.

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Learn About The Seven Sacraments And Find Links To More Information

  • M.A., Political Theory, Catholic University of America
  • B.A., Political Theory, Michigan State University

The seven sacramentsBaptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Confession, Marriage, Holy Orders, and the Anointing of the Sickare the life of the Catholic Church. All of the sacraments were instituted by Christ Himself, and each is an outward sign of an inward grace. When we participate in them worthily, each provides us with graceswith the life of God in our soul. In worship, we give to God that which we owe Him in the sacraments, He gives us the graces necessary to live a truly human life.

The first three sacramentsBaptism, Confirmation, and Holy Communionare known as the sacraments of initiation, because the rest of our life as a Christian depends on them.

The Sacrament Of Marriage

This union of man and woman is seen not only as a celebration of love, but also as a vocation and in the eyes of the Church also as a sacrament of service, in somewhat the same manner as the sacrament of ordination. No longer seen as a social contract, the union is seen as a special sign of Gods presence in humanity in the creative expression of the love in the union of the couple, in times of happiness and difficulty. In this communal love, Christs boundless love becomes manifest in the Christian community and in society at large.

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Childrens Confirmation & First Holy Communion Formation

Prince of Peace recognizes that sacramental preparation is a partnership endeavor and helps the children identify the parents as the primary educators of the Faith. As such, we are here to help your family and to guide you on this journey.

We advise that all students seeking to celebrate First Reconciliation, Confirmation and/or First Communion, should be enrolled in our Sunday Childrens Catechesis Session or in a home study program. Sacramental Preparation and Sunday Catechesis are two different doctrinal teaching programs, which relate to each other, and enhance the experience for your child and family.

How To Explain The 7 Sacraments Without Boring Your Children

The Seven Sacraments

Dont know how to start explaining the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church to your son or daughter? Are you lacking material for your churchs catechesis program? Is it sometimes a bit complicated for you?

Dont worry. Through this article, well help you find the right words to help children understand these gifts of the faith.

The Sacraments are actions of God through which He shows us the love He has for us, His sons and daughters. All of the sacraments have been created by Him, and thats why its He who performs them through different means.

Why did He give the sacraments to us? To give us grace. That is to say, to give us, along with His love, the necessary strength to fight against and through the difficulties of life. Of course, that is, if we have a positive disposition and attitude that desires to please God.

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What Is The Purpose Of Baptism

The Catechism of the Catholic Church describes Baptism as The basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit, and the door which gives access to the other sacraments .

Baptism is absolutely required for salvation because it brings about the birth of the Holy Spirit in the baptized. Through Baptism, the believer enters into communion with Christs death and Resurrection and is freed from the effects of all sin. It is the remedy for original sin, which is why Catholic parents are entrusted with baptizing their infants as soon as possible and acquiring for them the grace needed to enter heaven.

Indeed, according to the Catechism, The Church does not know of any means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude this is why she takes care not to neglect the mission she has received from the Lord to see that all who can be baptized are reborn of water and the Spirit .

Baptism begins Catholics on their faith journey. It is the source of new life in Christ. As the baptized mature and grow in their faith, they renew their Baptismal promises every Easter season and safeguard that initial grace.

The Seven Sacraments Of The Catholic Church

Since the beginning of Christianity, the Church as community has recognized and celebrated in a public way those important moments throughout our lives when God is present to us, individually and communally. In the liturgical reforms of Vatican II, we are called to renew our understanding and participation in these defining or peak moments of our faith journey that are called the sacraments, the public rituals used to mark these occasions in which God graces us. A noted sacramental theologian has titled these seven public rituals as “doors to the sacred.”

The Church has singled out seven important occasions to celebrate when God and his people interact in a special way through not only words but also symbolic action. The symbols, referred to often as outward signs, and their related actions help us to express those deep divine and human realities of life, love, death and joy in our life. These symbolic actions we know and celebrate publicly as: Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist Penance/Reconciliation and Anointing Marriage and Orders/Ordination .

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The Seven Catholic Sacraments And Their Significance

The sacraments listed below are crucial in the life of each and every Catholic. They were written and enacted in the documents of the Council of Trent . These are believed to be instituted by Jesus Christ himself, and thereby, entrusted to the Church so that all its members must live in Christ and partake in his grace and love. Each sacrament brings forth the moment where we can experience the divine touch of Jesus, where he fills our hearts with his purity, light, and mercy.

The seven sacraments are divided into three different sections. The first three sacramentsBaptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, and Eucharistare known as the sacraments of initiation. Penance, and Anointing of the Sick come under the sacraments of healing, and lastly, Holy Orders, and Matrimony are categorized under the sacraments of service. These are explained as under.

What Is The Most Blessed Sacrament

Sacraments â St. Matthew Catholic Parish

The Blessed Sacrament, also Most Blessed Sacrament, is a devotional name used in the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, as well as in Anglicanism , Lutheranism, Methodism, and the Old Catholic Church, as well as in some of the Eastern Catholic Churches, to refer to the body and blood of Christ in the form of

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Holy Orders

Holy Orders is the sacrament by which bishops, priests and deacons are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties. The sacred rite by which orders are conferred is called ordination. The apostles were ordained by Jesus at the Last Supper so that others could share in his priesthood.

Christian Burial

The Church asks spiritual assistance for the departed, honors their bodies, and at the same time brings solace of hope to the living. The celebration of the Christian funeral brings hope and consolation to the living. While proclaiming the Gospel of Jesus Christ and witnessing to the Christian hope in the resurrection, the funeral rites also recall to all who take part in them God’s mercy and judgement and meet the human need to turn always to God in times of crisis.

Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults

The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults includes the celebration of the sacraments of baptism, confirmation and Eucharist, but also all of the rites of the catechumenate. The initiation of adults is a gradual process that takes place within the community of the faithful.

Together with the catechumens, the faithful reflect upon the value of the paschal mystery, renew their own conversion, and by their example lead the catechumens to obey the Holy Spirit more generously.

The Seven Sacraments Of The Catholic Church And Their Meanings

Sacraments are the way to receive God’s eternal grace, they are the means through which a believer can come closer to God’s love and experience his never-ending mercy and blessings throughout his/her lifetime. This SpiritualRay post will help you better understand the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church and their meanings.

Sacraments are the way to receive Gods eternal grace, they are the means through which a believer can come closer to Gods love and experience his never-ending mercy and blessings throughout his/her lifetime. This SpiritualRay post will help you better understand the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church and their meanings.

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The Sacrament Of Confirmation

The Sacrament of Confirmation is the second of the three sacraments of initiation because, historically, it was administered immediately after the Sacrament of Baptism. Confirmation perfects our baptism and brings us the graces of the Holy Spirit that were granted to the Apostles on Pentecost Sunday.

Names For The Sacrament

The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church

In the past, the usual name of the sacrament in official documents of the Catholic Church was Extreme Unction , a name attached to it as it was administered only to those near death. Peter Lombard is the first writer known to have used the term, which did not become the usual name in the West till towards the end of the twelfth century, and never became current in the East. The word “extreme” indicated either that it was the last of the sacramental unctions or because at that time it was normally administered only when a patient was in extremis . In the early 1970s the official name was changed to Anointing of the Sick to reflect Church teaching that the sacrament is to be conferred on those who are “dangerously ill”.

The sacrament has also been known by various other names in Western Christianity throughout the years, including: the holy oil or unction of the sick the unction or blessing of consecrated oil the unction of God the office of the unction. In the Eastern Church it is technically known as euchelaion other names used include: elaion hagion , hegismenon elaion , elaiou chrisis , chrisma .

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What Is Eucharist And Reconciliation

Reconciliation typically occurs when your child is in second grade in school. They will be expected to attend GoF Religious Education classes leading up to their first Reconciliation. First Holy Communion. Communion, or Eucharist, is first and foremost Christ drawing near to us in the grace of the sacrament.

Anointing Of The Sick

Anointing of the Sick, formerly known as Extreme Unction, is a sacrament that is administered to give strength and comfort to the ill and to mystically unite their suffering with that of Christ during his Passion and death. This sacrament can be given to those who are afflicted with serious illness or injury, those who are awaiting surgery, the weakened elderly, or to ill children who are old enough to understand its significance. A person can receive the sacrament as many times as needed throughout their life, and a person with a chronic illness might be anointed again if the disease worsens. The rite can be performed in a home or hospital by a priest, who prays over the person and anoints their head and hands with chrism . The priest may also administer the sacrament of the Eucharist if the person has been unable to receive it and can hear a confession if so desired. If a person is at the point of death, the priest also administers a special Apostolic blessing in what is known as the Last Rites.

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The Seven Sacraments Of The Catholic Church Explained Briefly

  • Baptism
  • Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration by water in the word . St. Thomas Aquinas gives this definition: Baptism is the external ablution of the body, performed with the prescribed form of words.
  • Confirmation
  • Confirmation, a sacrament in which the Holy Ghost is given to those already baptized in order to make them strong and perfect Christians and soldiers of Jesus Christ.
  • The Eucharist
  • The Eucharist is thus a sacrifice because it re-presents the sacrifice of the cross, because it is its memorial and because it applies its fruit.Catechism of the Catholic Church 1366,
  • Eucharist , the name given to the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar under its twofold aspect of sacrament and Sacrifice of the Mass, and in which, whether as sacrament or sacrifice, Jesus Christ is truly present under the appearances of bread and wine.
  • Penance, Reconciliation
  • Penance designates a virtue a sacrament of the New Law a canonical punishment inflicted according to the earlier discipline of the Church a work of satisfaction enjoined upon the recipient of the sacrament.
  • Extreme Unction, Anointing of the sick
  • Order, Holy Orders
  • Matrimony
  • Relationship With The Last Rites


    When administered to those near to death, the sacraments of Penance, Anointing of the Sick and Viaticum are sometimes called the last rites.

    What in the judgment of the Catholic Church are properly described as the last rites are Viaticum, and the ritual prayers of Commendation of the Dying, and Prayers for the Dead.

    The normal order of administration of these three sacraments to the dying is: first Reconciliation , then Anointing, then Viaticum.

    Only a priest or bishop can administer the sacraments of Reconciliation and Anointing of the Sick, but a lay person may give a dying person Holy Communion as “Viaticum, the Last Sacrament of the Christian”.

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