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When Was The Bible Put Together

What About The Original Language

How Was the Bible Put Together (Part 1 of 4)

Again, the beauty of the Bible is how God reaches men and women, boys and girls, by coming to us in our own language. The Old Testament was written in ancient Hebrew. Parts of the Old Testament were written in an imperial Aramaic . The fact that the Bible was written to a People, in a place, amidst their trials and joys, their living and dying, demonstrates the astounding relevance, relation, and reliability of Gods Word. This is no fable. This is not yarn. This is God with us.

What Are The Apocrypha And Pseudepigrapha

The word “apocrypha” comes from the Greek for “hidden” or “secret.” It’s a little confusing, because the word apocrypha is used in a couple of different ways when talking about books outside of the standard biblical canon.

First, there’s the category of “New Testament Apocrypha” which includes a long list of non-canonical texts written mostly in the second century C.E. and beyond that pertain to Jesus and his apostles. As Combs says, there are hundreds of these texts and we don’t have written specimens for all of them.

Then there’s a subset of Old Testament books that are included in the Roman Catholic Bible. These seven books, including Tobit, Judith and 1 & 2 Maccabees, are published between the Old and New Testaments in the Catholic Bible and called “the Apocrypha” or sometimes the “Deuterocanon” which means “second canon.”

And then there’s a third category called “pseudepigrapha” from the Greek for “false author.” This list includes more than 50 texts written between 200 B.C.E. and 200 C.E. by both Jewish and Christian writers expanding on stories and characters from the Old Testament. Notable Old Testament pseudepigrapha include 1 Enoch, Jubilees and the Treatise of Shem.

When Was The Bible Canonized

Evidence suggests that the process of canonization occurred between 200 BC and 200 AD, and a popular position is that the Torah was canonized c. 400 BC, the Prophets c. 200 BC, and the Writings c. 100 AD perhaps at a hypothetical Council of Jamniahowever, this position is increasingly criticised by modern scholars.

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How Many Years After Jesus Died Was The Bible Written

An Introduction to the Gospels. Written over the course of almost a century after Jesus death, the four gospels of the New Testament, though they tell the same story, reflect very different ideas and concerns. A period of forty years separates the death of Jesus from the writing of the first gospel.

When Was The Bible Put Together

How the Bible is Put Together

The Muratorian Canon, which is believed to date to 200 A.D., is the earliest compilation of canonical texts resembling the New Testament. It was not until the 5th century that all the different Christian churches came to a basic agreement on Biblical canon.

Who put the first Bible together?

The Short Answer We can say with some certainty that the first widespread edition of the Bible was assembled by St.Jerome around A.D. 400. This manuscript included all 39 books of the Old Testament and the 27 books of the New Testament in the same language: Latin.

What council put the Bible together?

First Council of Nicaea
Council of Serdica and the ecumenical First Council of Constantinople
Convoked by
Hosius of Corduba

When was the Old and New Testament put together?

The Old Testament is the original Hebrew Bible, the sacred scriptures of the Jewish faith, written at different times between about 1200 and 165 BC. The New Testament books were written by Christians in the first century AD.

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Where Did The Very First Bible Come From

Bible #1. The oldest surviving full text of the New Testament is the beautifully written Codex Sinaiticus, which was discovered at the St Catherine monastery at the base of Mt Sinai in Egypt in the 1840s and 1850s. Dating from circa 325-360 CE, it is not known where it was scribed perhaps Rome or Egypt.

Legacy And Impact Of The Bible

The sheer diversity of literature in the Bible is one of the secrets of its continuing popularity through the centuries. There is something for all moods and many different cultures. Its message is not buried in religious jargon only accessible to either believers or scholars, but reflects the issues that people struggle with in daily life. Despite their different emphases, all its authors shared the conviction that this world and its affairs are not just a haphazard sequence of random coincidences, but are the forum of God’s activity – a God who is not remote or unknowable, but a personal being who can be known by ordinary people.

Melvyn Bragg believes the King James version of the Bible, first published in 1611, has had a profound effect on human history over the last 400 years.

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The Church Fathers Bear Witness To Even Earlier New Testament Manuscripts

The earliest manuscripts we have of major portions of the New Testament are p 45, p 46, p66, and p 75, and they date from 175-250 A. D. The early church fathers bear witness to even earlier New Testament manuscripts by quoting from all but one of the New Testament books. They are also in the position to authenticate those books, written by the apostles or their close associates, from later books such as the gospel of Thomas that claimed to have been written by the apostles, but were not.

  • Clement wrote an epistle to the Corinthian Church around 97 A.D. He reminded them to heed the epistle that Paul had written to them years before. Recall that Clement had labored with Paul . He quoted from the following New Testament books: Luke, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, Ephesians, Titus, 1 and 2 Peter, Hebrews, and James.
  • The apostolic fathers Ignatius , Polycarp , and Papias cite verses from every New Testament book except 2 and 3 John. They thereby authenticated nearly the entire New Testament.Both Ignatius and Polycarp were disciples of the apostle John.
  • Justin Martyr, , cited verses from the following 13 books of the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, Galatians, 2 Thessalonians, Hebrews, 1 and 2 Peter, and Revelation.
  • Irenaeus, , wrote a five volume work Against Heresies in which,
  • He quoted from every book of the New Testament but 3 John.
  • He quoted from the New Testament books over 1,200 times.
  • Who Decided Which Books To Include In The Bible

    When Was the Bible Put Together?

    In his best-selling novel, “The Da Vinci Code,” Dan Brown wrote that the Bible was assembled during the famous Council of Nicea in 325 C.E., when Emperor Constantine and church authorities purportedly banned problematic books that didn’t conform to their secret agenda.

    Except that’s not how it really went. “The Da Vinci Code” was fiction, but Brown wasn’t the first to credit the Council of Nicea with deciding which books to include in the Bible. Voltaire, writing in the 18th century, repeated a centuries-old myth that the Bible was canonized in Nicea by placing all of the known books on a table, saying a prayer and seeing which illegitimate texts fell to the floor.

    In truth, there was no single church authority or council that convened to rubber stamp the biblical canon , not at Nicea or anywhere else in antiquity, explains Jason Combs, an assistant professor at Brigham Young University specializing in ancient Christianity.

    “Dan Brown did us all a disservice,” says Combs. “We don’t have evidence that any group of Christians got together and said, ‘Let’s hash this out once and for all.'”

    What evidence scholars do have in the form of theological treatises, letters and church histories that have survived for millennia points to a much longer process of canonization. From the first through the fourth centuries and beyond, different church leaders and theologians made arguments about which books belonged in the canon, often casting their opponents as heretics.

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    How Was The Bible Put Together

    There exist other writings that claim to be inspired by the gods, stories of creation, divinely inspired but the book you have in front of you is unique among them all. The bible we have today is validated by actual history . The records of lives and events within it read like real people with details, customs, cultural anomalies, geographic references, etc. you simply dont find in other writings the Koran, the Buddhist and Hindu scriptures, the myths of Greece and pagan Europe.

    When Was The First Complete Bible Published

    Well, that is a hard one. Naturally, the Bible developed with Hebrew Scriptures and the Scriptures after Jesus Christ on through to the death of the Apostle John. The Old Covenant text in Hebrew was already being recorded on skins four hundred years before our Lord Jesus incarnate birth. Jesus knew the Bible as the lectionary was read in his local synagogue. The Gospel of Mark was well-circulated in the early years after Jesus ascension. The letters of Paul and Peter, Luke and Acts by Luke, and the other letters were copied and disseminated amongst the local Christian communities in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and the ends of the earth .

    But we can say that there was the first work published that we know of that contained the Old and New Testaments . This Bible, the Codex Sinaiticus , was published around 350 AD.5 Until that discovery by Dr. Constantin von Tischendorf in 1844, the Codex Vaticanus was the only surviving Bible from the early Church. We must remember, however, that though those documents survived, that doesnt mean there were not earlier editions. For example, I do not believe that I have the first Bible I used in the pastoral ministry. I used it up. So, too, we have what has remained and what has been found. If you are ever in London, go to the British Museum and you will see the full New Testament at its earliest publication, with much of the Old Testament. But how about the Bible in English?

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    Who Wrote The Bible

    Until the 17th century, received opinion had it that the first five books of the Bible Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy were the work of one author: Moses. That theory has since been seriously challenged.

    Scholars now believe that the stories that would become the Bible were disseminated by word of mouth across the centuries, in the form of oral tales and poetry perhaps as a means of forging a collective identity among the tribes of Israel. Eventually, these stories were collated and written down. The question is by whom, and when?

    A clue may lie in a limestone boulder discovered embedded in a stone wall in the town of Tel Zayit, 35 miles southwest of Jerusalem, in 2005. The boulder, now known as the Zayit Stone, contains what many historians believe to be the earliest full Hebrew alphabet ever discovered, dating to around 1000 BC. What was found was not a random scratching of two or three letters, it was the full alphabet, Kyle McCarter of Johns Hopkins University in Maryland has said of the stone. Everything about it says this is the ancestor of the Hebrew script.

    Ask the expert: John Barton

    John Barton is a former professor of holy scriptures at the University of Oxford and the author of A History of the Bible: The Books and Its Faiths.

    Q:Just how reliable is the Old Testament as an historical document?

    Q:How much does archaeology support the historicity of the Old Testament?

    How Did We Get The Bible

    Assignment: Putting the Pieces Together

    The Bible sits on the desk, nightstands, and bookshelves of millions of people. Passed down from generation to generation, the Bible is the bestselling book of all-time, and generally respected even by people of other religions. In our modern society, the accessibility of the Bible has increased all the more, being fully available online and through digital apps on our smartphones and tablets.

    Considering the prominence and accessibility of the Bible today, one would be right to ask where this book came from. Unlike just about any other book, we cant simply call up the publishers public relations department or send an email to the author. But like other books, the Bible we hold in our hands today had an origin and development. Although we would be fully accurate in saying that the Bible came from God, its also accurate to say that the Bible was written by human authors. The formation of the Bible is an amazing process.

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    How The Bible Is Put Togetherchart And Explanations

    The writings included in the Bible come from many different situations over several thousand years, and there are many different kinds of writing, including stories, poems, laws, prophecies, proverbs, and letters.

    The theme of the Bible is Jesus Christ. So the best place to begin reading the Bible is where the deeds and teachings of Jesus are recorded Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, and Acts.

    There are 66 separate writings in the Bible, and even some of these are themselves collected writings for example the book of Psalms is actually five books of collected songs.

    All this variety of writings can be confusing unless we know how the Bible is put together.

    BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT

    Five books of Moses:Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.

    History of Israel: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1Samuel, 2Samuel, 1Kings, 2Kings, 1Chronicles, 2Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.

    Poetry and Proverbs: Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon.

    The Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habbakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.

    BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT

    Four accounts of Jesus: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John.

    Beginning of the Church: Acts of the Apostles.

    Letters to Christians: Romans, 1Corinthians, 2Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1Thessalonians, 2Thessalonians, 1Timothy, 2Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James 1Peter, 2Peter, 1John, 2John, 3John, Jude.

    Archaeological And Historical Research

    Biblical archaeology is the archaeology that relates to and sheds light upon the Hebrew Scriptures and the Christian Greek Scriptures . It is used to help determine the lifestyle and practices of people living in biblical times. There are a wide range of interpretations in the field of biblical archaeology. One broad division includes biblical maximalism which generally takes the view that most of the Old Testament or the Hebrew Bible is based on history although it is presented through the religious viewpoint of its time. It is considered to be the opposite of biblical minimalism which considers the Bible to be a purely post-exilic composition. Even among those scholars who adhere to biblical minimalism, the Bible is a historical document containing first-hand information on the Hellenistic and Roman eras, and there is universal scholarly consensus that the events of the 6th century BCE Babylonian captivity have a basis in history.

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    When Was The Bible As We Know It First Compiled And Put Into The Context As We Know It

    Dear Gramps,

    When was the Bible as we know it first compiled and put into the context as we know it? Was it Constantine1 who originally gathered the texts together to create a manual for his new religion, or were the texts already in a particular format? Also, who was it who changed the first five books in the Bible to read God in the singular instead of Elohim, God in the plural? Was that also Constantines doing?

    Linda

    Dear Linda,

    The Bible as we know it predated Constantine by some long period of time. None of the original texts still remain, but three Most Ancient Copies do exist. These are the Codex Siniaticus, originally a codex of the Greek Bible belonging to the fourth century. It was purchased from the Soviet Republic of Russia in 1933 by Great Britain, and is now in the British Museum. The Codex Alexandrinus was probably written in the fifth century. It contains the entire Greek Bible with the exception of 40 lost pages, and is also stored in the British Museum. The Codex Vaticanus was probably written in the fourth century, and parts of the this codex are also lost. It is in the possession of the Vatican Library at Rome.

    The Samaritan Pentateuch is not strictly speaking a version, but the Hebrew text perpetuated in Samaritan characters.

    The Peshito or Syriac Version contains the entire Bible. It was probably written in the first or second century and is apparently a translation into the common language of certain portions of Syria.

    What Religion Put The Bible Together

    How Was the Bible Put Together (Part 2 of 4)

    The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A.D. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament have undergone changes over the centuries, including the the publication of the King

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    Where Was The First Bible Found

    Bible #1. The oldest surviving full text of the New Testament is the beautifully written Codex Sinaiticus, which was discovered at the St Catherine monastery at the base of Mt Sinai in Egypt in the 1840s and 1850s. Dating from circa 325-360 CE, it is not known where it was scribed perhaps Rome or Egypt.

    Important Terms To Remember:

    Skeptics often claim that the Bible has been changed. However, it is important to define the terms that apply to the source of our English Bible.

    • Autographs: The original texts were written either by the author’s own hand or by a scribe under their personal supervision.
    • Manuscripts: Until Gutenberg first printed the Latin Bible in 1456, all Bibles were hand copied onto papyrus, parchment, and paper.
    • Translations: When the Bible is translated into a different language it is usually translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. However some translations in the past were derived from an earlier translation. For example the first English translation by John Wycliffe in 1380 was prepared from the Latin Vulgate.

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