Thursday, June 23, 2022
HomeFactsWho Wrote The Book Of Job In The Bible

Who Wrote The Book Of Job In The Bible

How Did Job Suffer

JWS lied who Wrote book of Job

Job then experiences ultimate human suffering at the hand of Satan but allowed by God.

  • The Sabeans attacked and stole all of Jobs oxen and donkeys and killed a portion of his servants .
  • Fire fell from the sky and burned up the sheep and more of Jobs servants .
  • The Chaldeans attacked and stole Jobs camels, killing even more of his servants .
  • A mighty wind swept in from the desert and destroyed the house where all of Jobs children were gathered for a feast, killing all of them .
  • Satan afflicted Job with painful sores from the bottoms of his feet to the top of his head .

What Can We Learn From Jobs Suffering

1. Suffering is a way for God to display His power and glory.

Suffering cannot be explained by the simple principle of retributive justice, where each person gets what he deserves: suffering for the evil and prosperity for the good, John Piper said. Often in life, it is the righteous who suffer and the wicked who prosper.

Why do the wicked live,reach old age, and grow mighty in power? They spend their days in prosperity, and in peace they go down to Sheol. They say to God, Depart from us! We do not desire the knowledge of your ways. What is the Almighty, that we should serve him? And what profit do we get if we pray to him? .

In the following New Testament story of suffering, we see that suffering can mean that God is wonderfully at work in a persons life, producing something miraculous.

As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. And his disciples asked him, Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind? Jesus answered, It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be displayed in him .

2. Suffering is a result of Gods love.

God was not Jobs enemy, as he may have wondered. God had a purpose and a plan, Job simply didnt know it yet.

Who was Job? Job was a man greatly tested by God and even more greatly blessed by God!

Alphabetical List Of New Testament Authors

  • James: The book of James
  • John: Gospel of John, 1st John, 2nd John, 3rd John, Revelation
  • Jude: Book of Jude
  • Luke: Gospel of Luke, Acts of the Apostles
  • : Gospel of Mark
  • Matthew: Gospel of Matthew
  • Paul: Romans, 1st and 2nd Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1st and 2nd Thessalonians, 1st and 2nd Timothy, Titus, Philemon
  • Peter: 1st and 2nd Peter

You May Like: List Of 365 Do Not Fear Bible Verses

Theological Theme And Message

When good people suffer, the human spirit struggles to understand. Throughout recorded history people have asked: How can this be? If God is almighty and “holds the whole world in his hands” and if he is truly good, how can he allow such an outrage? The way this question has often been put leaves open three possibilities: God is not almighty after all God is not just humans may be innocent. In ancient Israel, however, it was indisputable that God is almighty, that he is perfectly just and that no human is pure in his sight. These three assumptions were also fundamental to the theology of Job and his friends. Simple logic then dictated the conclusion: Every person’s suffering is indicative of the measure of their guilt in the eyes of God. In the abstract, this conclusion appeared inescapable, logically imperative and theologically satisfying.

He begins by introducing a third party into the equation. The relationship between God and humans is not exclusive and closed. Among God’s creatures there is the great adversary . Incapable of contending with God hand to hand, power pitted against power, he is bent on frustrating God’s creation enterprise centered on God’s relationship with the creature that bears his image. As tempter he seeks to alienate humans from God as accuser he seeks to alienate God from humans . His all-consuming purpose is to drive an irremovable wedge between God and humans to effect an alienation that cannot be reconciled.

Help America Keep Bringing You Stories Like This

Who wrote the book of job in the holy bible

As a frequent reader of our website, you know how important Americas voice is in the conversation about the church and the world. We can’t do it without youAmerica Media relies on generous support from our readers. Please visit our membership page to learn how you can invest in our work by subscribing to the magazine or making a donation.

If youre already a subscriber or donor, thank you! If you login and register your print subscription number with your account, youll have unlimited access to the website. Please contact us at with any questions.

You May Like: Race Mixing In The Bible

Job’s Opening Monologue And Dialogues Between Job And His Three Friends

In chapter 3, “instead of cursing God”, Job laments the night of his conception and the day of his birth he longs for death, “but it does not come”. His three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite, visit him, accuse him of committing sin and tell him that his suffering was deserved as a result. Job responds with scorn: his interlocutors are “miserable comforters”. Since a just God would not treat him so harshly, patience in suffering is impossible, and the Creator should not take his creatures so lightly, to come against them with such force.

Job’s responses represent one of the most radical restatements of Israelite theology in the Hebrew Bible. He moves away from the pious attitude shown in the prologue, and begins to berate God for the disproportionate wrath against him. He sees God as, among others, intrusive and suffocating unforgiving and obsessed with destroying a human target angry fixated on punishment and hostile and destructive. He then shifts his focus from the injustice that he himself suffers to God’s governance of the world. He suggests that the wicked have taken advantage of the needy and the helpless, who remain in significant hardship, but God does nothing to punish them.

What Abraham Lincoln Found Reading The Book Of Job Amid Civil War

In 1863 the Confederate Army was flushed with victory. Throughout the summer of that year, the Union had been taking brutal losses. The cost in human lives was high. Sometimes it looked, Elizabeth Keckley later recalled, as if the proud flag of the Union, the glorious old Stars and Stripes, must yield half its nationality to the tri-barred flag that floated grandly over long columns of gray. These were our nations darkest days.

For the man leading the Union, they were just as dark. The previous year, he had lost his beloved son to illness. Now, the potential unraveling of the Union under his administration, with hundreds of thousands of lives already lost, weighed heavily on President Abraham Lincoln, inducing an exhaustion that he could feel in his bones. His eyes were hollowed out, wrinkles lining his face. These were sad, anxious days to Mr. Lincoln, Ms. Keckley wrote, and those who saw the man in privacy only could tell how much he suffered.

Abraham Lincoln had grown up reading the King James Bible from an early age, but already the war had forced him to reconsider some of his most deeply held beliefs.

Recommended Reading: The Bible In Chronological Order Of Events

Why Is The Book Of Job Even In The Bible

Job. Even if we have not read the Book of Job, we know that name. Job: the very name evokes suffering in us. The mere name seems to mean innocent and undeserved suffering. And, worse, the huge poetry of the Book of Jobits major thirty-nine chaptersnever provides an adequate answer as to why Job suffers.

Why is this book even in the Bible?

A few days ago, a guy saw a woman in the grocery store with a three-year-old girl in her cart. As the mother and daughter passed the cookie section, the child asked for cookies and her mother told her no. The little girl immediately began to whine and fuss! The guy heard the mother say quietly, Now Ellen, we just have half of the aisles left to go through dont be upset. It won’t be long.

The guy passed the mother again in the candy aisle. Of course, the little girl began to shout for candy. When she was told she couldnt have any, she began to cry again. The mother said, There, there, Ellen, dont cry. Only two more aisles to go, and then we’ll be checking out.

Then, the guy again happened to be behind the pair at the checkout counter, where the little girl started clamoring for chewing gum and burst into a terrible tantrum yet again. The mother patiently said, Ellen, we will be through this checkout counter in five minutes, and then you can go home and have a nice nap.

Many of us think that the Book of Job is meant to teach us patience. That woman had the patience of Job, we might say.

Why is this even in the Bible?

Old Testament: The Single Author Theory

The Book of Job (Biblical Stories Explained)

The Old Testament, or Hebrew Bible, narrates the history of the people of Israel over about a millennium, beginning with Gods creation of the world and humankind, and contains the stories, laws and moral lessons that form the basis of religious life for both Jews and Christians. For at least 1,000 years, both Jewish and Christian tradition held that a single author wrote the first five books of the BibleGenesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomywhich together are known as the Torah and the Pentateuch . That single author was believed to be Moses, the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of captivity in Egypt and guided them across the Red Sea toward the Promised Land.

Yet nearly from the beginning, readers of the Bible observed that there were things in the so-called Five Books of Moses that Moses himself could not possibly have witnessed: His own death, for example, occurs near the end of Deuteronomy. A volume of the Talmud, the collection of Jewish laws recorded between the 3rd and 5th centuries A.D., dealt with this inconsistency by explaining that Joshua likely wrote the verses about Moses death.

Rembrandt van Rijn, painting of Moses Breaking the Tablets of the Law, 1659.

That’s one opinion among many, says Joel Baden, a professor at Yale Divinity School and author of The Composition of the Pentateuch: Renewing the Documentary Hypothesis. But they’re already asking the questionwas it possible or not possible for to have written them?

Read Also: What Does The Bible Say About The Last Days Kjv

Who Wrote The Story Of Job And Why Is The Book Of Job Included In The Bible

The Bible is authored by a number of different people, prophets and kings included. There are even unknown authors of certain passages. As for the Book of Job, the author is unclear. There is no indication of the author within the book itself, and Jobs death is mentioned in chapter 42, the last chapter of the book. There is speculation amongst the scholarly community that Moses wrote the book, but there is no conclusive evidence.

Even without an author, the storys inclusion in the Bible informs us that there is something God wants to glean from His word . In addition to authorial speculation, the inclusion of Jobs story is believed by some to be purposed in answering the question of why innocent people suffer. By the conclusion of the book, there is no answer given as to why innocents suffer, but there is a solution, trust.

The idea and word trust appears multiple times throughout the Bible spoken by different people. The idea is also present here as Job experiences suffering and seeks God for help. With this greater understanding, we can analyze the 5 the story of Job.

Who Wrote The Book Of Job

  • 3 minute read

This answer is also available in:

Job, in the Bible, was a wealthy and righteous man living in the land of Uz around the 6th century BCE to the 4th century BCE. He had much flock and a large family. Job was blameless and upright and feared God. In the testament of Job we read how the devil challenged God to put Job to a test to see if he would be faithful. As a public testimony to all creation, God allowed it. One by one bad things started to happen to Job. He lost family, and wealth, and his own life was put through painful turmoil.

His wife looking at what happened told Job to just curse God and die, but Job would not. Job and his friends were righteous man, but even they could offer no comfort or understanding as it was beyond human wisdom After all this took place, Job asks God and God answers Job in poetic dialogue . In their dialogue we see Gods wisdom, and Job realized it 3 chapters later in Job 42. He is then blessed much more than he already was.

Moses, the Author of Job?

There is much support to the early assertion that credits the writing of the book of Job to Moses for he spent 40 years in the land of Median. This land would give him a good background of the land of Uz. Also, Moses Egyptian heritage explains the hints to Egyptian life and practice that appear in the book. Further, the image of God as Creator and Sustainer aliens well with the creation narrative that is presented in the book of Genesis which was written by Moses.

Read Also: What Does The Bible Say About Giving To The Poor

Diversity Of Bible Writers

Those who wrote the Bible lived at different times, some separated by hundreds of years. In many cases they were complete strangers to one another. Some Bible writers were businessmen or traders others were shepherds, fishermen, soldiers, physicians, preachers, kingshuman beings from all walks of life. They served under different governments and lived within contrasting cultures and systems of philosophy.

Prologue On Earth And In Heaven

The Book of Job

In chapter 1, the prologue on Earth introduces Job as a righteous man, blessed with wealth, sons, and daughters, who lives in the land of Uz. The scene then shifts to Heaven, where God asks Satan for his opinion of Job’s piety. Satan accuses Job of being pious only because God has materially blessed him if God were to take away everything that Job has, then he would surely curse God.

God gives Satan permission to take Job’s wealth and kill his children and servants, but Job nonetheless praises God: “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return there the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away blessed be the name of the Lord.” In chapter 2, God further allows Satan to afflict Job’s body with boils. Job sits in ashes, and his wife prompts him to “curse God, and die”, but Job answers: “Shall we receive good from God and shall we not receive evil?”

English theologian Stanley Leathes describes this prologue as “just sufficient to make the reader acquainted with and interested in the hero of the book, relating who he was and what was the occasion of the following controversy, but nothing more”.

Don’t Miss: Maryland Bible College And Seminary

And Then Job Said Unto The Lord: You Cant Be Serious

In a new translation of the Book of Job, the famously repentant hero gives God a piece of his mind.

So God says to Satan, You there, what have you been up to? And Satan says, Oh, you know, just hanging around, minding my own business. And God says, Well, take a look at my man Job over there. He worships me. He does exactly what I tell him. He thinks Im the greatest. Job? says Satan. The rich, happy, healthy guy? The guy with 3,000 camels? Of course he does. Youve given him everything. Take it all away from him, and I bet you hell curse you to your face. And God says, Youre on.

Thatgive or take a couple of versesis how it starts, the Book of Job. What a setup. The Trumplike deity the shrewd and loitering adversary the cruelly flippant wager and the stooge, the cosmic straight man, Job, upon whose oblivious head the sky is about to fall. A classic Old Testament skit, pungent as a piece of absurdist theater or a story by Kafka. Job is going to be immiserated, sealed into sorrowfor a bet. What is life? Its a bleeping and blooping Manichaean casino: Youre up or youre down, in Gods hands or the devils. Piped-in oxygen, controlled light, keep the drinks coming. We, the readers and inheritors of his book, know this. Job, poor bastard, doesnt.

In Music Art Literature And Film

Georges de La TourJob Mocked by his Wife

The Book of Job has been deeply influential in Western culture, to such an extent that no list could be more than representative. Musical settings from Job include Orlande de Lassus‘s 1565 cycle of motets, the Sacrae Lectiones Novem ex Propheta Job, and George Frideric Handel‘s use of Job 19:25 as an aria in his 1741 oratorio Messiah.

Modern works based on the book include Ralph Vaughan Williams‘s Job: A Masque for Dancing French composer Darius Milhaud‘s Cantata From Job and Joseph Stein’s Broadway interpretation Fiddler on the Roof, based on the Tevye the Dairyman stories by Sholem Aleichem. Neil Simon wrote God’s Favorite, which is a modern retelling of the Book of Job. Breughel and Georges de La Tour depicted Job visited by his wife, William Blake produced an entire cycle of illustrations for the book.

Terrence Malick‘s 2011 film The Tree of Life, which won the Palme d’Or, is heavily influenced by the themes of the Book of Job, as the film starts with a quote from the beginning of God’s speech to Job. A 2014 Malayalam film called “Iyobinte Pusthakam” tells the story of a man who is losing everything in his life and also has parallels with Dostoevsky’s . Joni Mitchell composed The Sire of Sorrow

Don’t Miss: What The Bible Says About Family Love

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular