How Was It Translated
The goals of the CSB were the same as the HCSB: to be faithful and true. This balance is called Optimal Equivalence. It’s the ideal point between finding the closest equivalent word in English, whilst still employing the most optimal language for the English-speaking reader. The translators of the CSB had the following as essentials for the translation:
to leave no aspect of the original language text unaccounted for in the translation
to render the text using natural English that is as easily comprehended as possible
Middle grounds are notoriously thin spaces. In this case, a step too far on either side would cause great ripples throughout the rest of the text. All the more reason for such a clear translation philosophy.
In their own statement about the translation aims, the team behind the CSB wrote that:
The first goal is the most difficult, especially given our commitment to the second . Some formal features such as puns can usually not be captured in the translation itself but must be explained in translation notes . Nevertheless, we have done our best to render the original biblical text in every detail as fully and as clearly as possible. This twofold commitment expresses our understanding of biblical accuracy, which is often mistakenly equated with literalness. A literal translation that is difficult to understand or even misleading to modern readers is not accurate.
Capitalization Of Pronouns Referring To God
The original text of Scripture does not distinguish pronouns referring to God by capitalization. Most Bible translations have followed this example and do not capitalize pronouns that refer to God. The Christian Standard Bible adopts the traditional approach of not capitalizing pronouns and referents for two primary reasons. First, the original text of Scripture is not always clear about to whom a particular pronoun may be referring translations that capitalize any reference to a divine person are often forced into making unnecessary judgment calls in passages where the interpretation is debatable. Second, since Scripture sometimes includes prophecies that have double fulfillment, the choice to capitalize a pronoun can have the unintended outcome of erasing the additional, non-divine meaning. Read more.
Is Esv A Good Bible Translation
The Revised Standard Version of the Bible, first published on 30 September 1952, The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that the ESV is a light revision of the RSV and that, because of the textual basis and translational errors carried over from the RSV, it is not a trustworthy translation of the Bible.
Don’t Miss: What Is Omer In The Bible
What Is The Csb
When translating from an ancient language, when do you choose a more literal rendering and when do you adjust for clarity and understanding? Is it possible to take the best of both worlds?
Those are the questions faced by the translation committee of the Christian Standard Bible, and the way they answered them is a huge part of why the CSB is both so readable and so trustworthy. Heres their approach:
Learn more about the translation philosophy behind the CSB, or read the text for yourself.
The Gender Language Use In Bible Translation
The goal of the translators of the Christian Standard Bible has not been to promote a cultural ideology but to translate the Bible faithfully. Recognizing modern usage of English, the CSB regularly translates the plural of the Greek word as people instead of men, and occasionally the singular as one, someone, or everyone, when the supporting pronouns in the original languages validate such a translation. While the CSB avoids using he or him unnecessarily, the translation does not restructure sentences to avoid them when they are in the text.
Don’t Miss: 365 Do Not Be Afraid Bible Verses
Csb And Esv Bible Translation Differences
CSB The CSB is considered a blending of word for word as well as thought for thought. The goal of the translators was to create a balance between the two.
ESV This is considered an essentially literally translation. The translation team focused on the original wording of the text. They also took into consideration the voice of each individual Bible writer. The ESV focuses on word for word while weighing the differences with the original language use of of grammar, syntax, idiom in comparison to Modern English.
Bible verse comparison
Genesis 1:21 So God created the large sea-creatures and every living creature that moves and swarms in the water, according to their kinds. He also created every winged creature according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
Romans 8:38-39 For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love instead, perfect love drives out fear, because fear involves punishment.So the one who fears is not complete in love.
1 Corinthians 3:15 If anyones work is burned up, he will experience loss, but he himself will be savedbut only as through fire.
for the Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my song. He has become my salvation.
Comparison Table Between Christian Standard Bible And Niv
|Parameters of Comparison|
|Biblica, Zondervan and Hodder & Stoughton.|
|Revision||The revision was made in a methodology as Optimal Equivalence, which balances both the formal edition and modern translation in a readable manner.||After 1978, NIV was updated in 2011, stating that A delineated translation with meticulous accuracy, consistency, and persuasiveness.|
|Done by||CSB revision was done by a group of 21 conservative Evangelical Christian Biblical scholars from different backgrounds across the world.||NIV translation was done by 15 biblical scholars who later took 100 scholars to translate the original into a new version.|
Don’t Miss: What Does The Bible Say About Saving Money For Retirement
Difference Between Christian Standard Bible And Niv
Bibles are the most important religious book among Christians, Jews, Samaritans, and Rastafari around the world. Bibles include various historical incidents, hymns, prayers, proverbs, prophecies related to God. It gives a clear account of how to lead your way of life in this era. On the other hand, the Bible has undergone many changes in the old testament as well as new testament sections. As of now, there are thousands of various bibles in different versions, such as English, Greek, Hebrew, and so on.
Capitalization Of Divine Pronouns
The HCSB followed the traditional practice of capitalizing pronouns for God. By contrast, the CSB uses lower case, following standard English grammar. Consider John 14:1516, which refers to all three members of the Trinity:
|HCSB||If you love Me, you will keep My commands. And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Counselor to be with you forever. He is the Spirit of truth. The world is unable to receive Him because it doesnt see Him or know Him. But you do know Him, because He remains with you and will be in you.|
|CSB||If you love me, you will keep my commands. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever. He is the Spirit of truth. The world is unable to receive him because it doesnt see him or know him. But you do know him, because he remains with you and will be in you.|
Capitalizing pronouns referring to God is often viewed as a sign of reverence, yet the practice is a fairly recent one, arising first in the 19th century. None of the earliest English versions capitalized pronouns, including Wycliffe , Tyndale , the Geneva Bible nor the King James Version . Nor did well-known nineteenth-century versions like Darby , Douay-Rheims , and the American Standard Version . One of the first versions to do so was Youngs Literal Translation . Among the main contemporary versions, only the NASB , NKJV and HCSB capitalize pronouns. Almost all other versions do not
Read Also: Yeshua Hamashiach Bible Verse
The Divine Name Yahweh
The tetragrammaton appears 6828 times in Hebrew Bible.8 Almost all English translations render the divine name as Lord . This was the pattern of the KJV and in some way mimics the LXX, which rendered the divine name as . HCSB broke with this tradition, in many cases introducing Yahweh. In such cases, a footnote reads:
Or The Lord it is the personal name of God in Hebrew Yah is the shortened form. Yahweh is used in places where the personal name of God is discussed or in places of His self-identification. .9
God gave us his personal name, which is why youll see it in the Holman Christian Standard Bible. Accuracy, one of the reasons youll love reading any of the HCSB digital or print editions.10
The problem with this claim is that only a small percentage of the instances of the tetragrammaton are actually translated as Yahweh. According to Michael Marlowe, the first edition of the HCSB used the divine name only seventy-five times and the 2009 edition increased this to 476.11 My Logos electronic 2009 version shows 654 instances and Accordance electronic version 656 times, still less than 10% of the total. The introduction explains this. While normally rendering YHWH as Lord,
The problem, of course, is deciding which instances should be rendered Yahweh and which Lord. Obviously, even the HCSB editors had trouble deciding, as evidenced by the variations in the different editions.
Translating Gender Language Into English
The Christian Standard Bible retains a traditional approach to translating gender language into English. Masculine terms and pronouns are retained whenever they refer to God. To improve accuracy, the Translation Oversight Committee chose to avoid being unnecessarily specific in passages where the original context did not exclude females. When Scripture presents principles or generic examples that are not restricted to males, the CSB does not use man, he, or other masculine terms. At the same time, the translators did not make third person masculine pronouns inclusive by rendering them as plurals , because they believed it was important to retain the individual and personal sense of these expressions. Read more.
Read Also: Maryland Bible College & Seminary Baltimore Md
Who Is Behind The Csb
Who serves on the Translation Oversight Committee for the CSB?
The revision and oversight committee, co-chaired by Dr. Tom Schreiner and Dr. David Allen, is composed of top biblical scholars from variety of colleges and seminaries and a range of conservative, evangelical viewpoints and denominations. These scholars provide oversight for the Christian Standard Bible, keeping the text up-to-date with current biblical scholarship and ensuring clarity for a modern audience. See complete list of Translation Oversight Committee members and their biographical information.
What denominations were involved in creating the Christian Standard Bible?
One hundred scholars from 17 denominations translated the HCSB from the original Hebrew, Greek, and Aramaic manuscripts. Keeping that trans-denominational focus, the revision and oversight committee of the CSB is comprised of top biblical scholars from a variety of conservative, evangelical denominations, including Southern Baptist, Lutheran, Presbyterian, conservative Anglican and non-denominational Bible churches. See more information about these world-class biblical scholars here.
to see a full list of endorsements.
The Meaning Or The Leaning
Formal favours the literal. If there is a direct way to represent the Greek in the English language, that is what will be favoured. No matter if it seems impenetrable, or about which modern readers will not fully understand, the words must each individually match. Now of course there are problems with this. No two languages can ever truly be Formally translated. Just look at the sheer numbers of non-English language words used today. Schadenfreude Wabi-Sabi Faux Pas ad nauseam . Each of them carry more than their direct translations, which is why they are still uttered and untranslated to this day. This leaves Formal translations as being very much the de facto Bible interpretations for many, accurate and robust, but for others it can also feel distant as the thoughts and meanings of the text are sacrificed for fidelity.
This leads to the Dynamic translations, which keep their eye on the thoughts and meanings of the text, rather than the literal words used.
No. The Bible is for people. Its Gods word given to humanity. But, then, how does the CSB solve this tension?
Put simply, but by setting its sights on the centre point between the two, and then choosing to follow that path for as far as possible before one side interrupts with the other.
Also Check: What Does Inerrant Mean In The Bible
Theological Review Of The Csb Study Bible Notes
The purpose of this essay is to analyze the new CSB Study Bible in light of a significant theological discussion among evangelicals, namely Calvinistic theology. Several remarks are in order before beginning this review.
First, I am writing from a friendly perspective. I consider Trevin Wax, the general editor of the CBS Study Bible, to be a friend. Several years ago, I wrote a lesson at his invitation for the Gospel Project curriculum, which he edited. I respect his scholarship and appreciate his measured tone and wisdom he has demonstrated when addressing potentially contentious theological matters. Also, I have a professional relationship with B& H Publishing Group. I have signed three writing contracts with B& H Academic. Trevin currently serves as the Bible and Reference Publisher for B& H, and his area published the CSB Study Bible.
Third, despite the title of this essay, I am addressing only one doctrine, salvation. Much could be said about the theological content of the study notes related to doctrines such as the Trinity, the church, the divinity of Christ, and the Holy Spirit. Instead, I will focus on the interpretive notes on key biblical texts which are often raised in discussions of the doctrine of salvation.
With those preliminary remarks in mind, I will proceed with the review.
Study Notes on Bible texts often cited when arguing for Calvinistic theology
1 Tim 2:46
2 Peter 3:9
1 John 2:2
|CSB Study Bible notes|
|1 John 2:2|
Translation Philosophy Of The Christian Standard Bible
Most discussions of Bible translations speak of two opposite approaches: formal equivalence and dynamic equivalence. This terminology is meaningful, but Bible translations cannot be neatly sorted into these two categories. There is room for another category of translation philosophy that capitalizes on the strengths of the other two.
1. Formal Equivalence:
Often called word-for-word translation, the principle of formal equivalence seeks as nearly as possible to preserve the structure of the original language. It seeks to represent each word of the original text with an exact equivalent word in the translation so that the reader can see word for word what the original human author wrote. The merits of this approach include its consistency with the conviction that the Holy Spirit did inspire the very words of Scripture in the original manuscripts. It also provides the English Bible student some access to the structure of the text in the original language. Formal equivalence can achieve accuracy to the degree that English has an exact equivalent for each word and that the grammatical patterns of the original language can be reproduced in understandable English. However, it can sometimes result in awkward, if not incomprehensible, English or in a misunderstanding of the authors intent. The literal rendering of ancient idioms is especially difficult.
2. Dynamic or Functional Equivalence:
3. Optimal Equivalence:
Read Also: Why Is The Bible Not In Chronological Order
The Csb Is A Bible Translation For Everyone
A Bible translation that new believers can understand& one that every believer can turn to for lifelong discipleship
A Bible you can share with anyone you meet, no matter their background & teach from with confidence
A Bible clear for young children to understand & accurate for your personal study
Your bible translation should be a
The Christian Standard Bible Provides A Highly Accurate Text For Faithful Serious Study
by Lifeway Staff on Monday, March 26, 2018 at 12:00 AM
Because Gods Word is faithful and true, providing a translation that is highly faithful to the original text and highly readable is extremely important. This is the overarching purpose behind the publication of the Christian Standard Bible.
These words are faithful and true, Revelation 22:6 .
Gods Word reveals his character and will to us, transforming our lives and leaving us in awe of his glory. In these words from Revelation, we know that Gods Word is faithful and true to guide us and provide for us as we follow Christ and pursue his mission around the world.
Because Gods Word is faithful and true, providing a translation that is highly faithful to the original text and highly readable is extremely important. This is the overarching purpose behind the publication of the Christian Standard Bible. More than 100 Bible scholars from 17 denominations have worked together to translate the original languages into English with an optimal blend of accuracy and readability. The ultimate goal is to engage more people in reading and sharing Gods Word.
The Christian Standard Bible is a revision of the HCSB, updating translation word choices to optimize both faithfulness to the original languages and readability for a modern audience, so that it might be read and understood, inspiring lifelong discipleship.
Read Also: Rhema Bible Correspondence School
Bible Translation Differences Of The Niv And Csb
NIV The NIV tries to balance out between thought for thought and word for word. Their goal was to have the soul as well as the structure of the original texts. The NIV is an original translation, meaning the scholars started from scratch with the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts.
CSB The CSB is considered a blending of both word for word as well as thought for thought. The primary goal of the translators was to create a balance between the two.
Bible verse comparison
Genesis 1:21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
Romans 8:38-39 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Proverbs 19:28 The prospect of the righteous is joy, but the hopes of the wicked come to nothing.
Psalm 144:15 Blessed is the people of whom this is true blessed is the people whose God is the LORD.
Deuteronomy 10:17 For the LORD your God is the God of gods and Lord of lords. He is the great God, the mighty and awesome God, who shows no partiality and cannot be bribed.
CSB In 2017, the translation was revised and the name Holman was dropped.