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How Is The Jewish Bible Different From The Christian Bible

Hebrew Bible Vs Holy Bible

Tanakh: Hebrew Bible vs. the “Old” Testament

The main difference between the Holy Bible and the Hebrew Bible is that the Holy Bible contains both Old and New testaments, whereas the Hebrew bible only contains Old Testaments. The holy bible contains religious texts and scriptures as the Hebrew bible too. Hebrew bible books are based on the Hebrew language, including Torah.

Hebrew Bible is also known as Tanakh. It is a set of 24 books which makes it a whole library of the bible. It only consists of the Old Testaments of the bible. It is also known as the original language of the Bible in Christian culture.

The Holy Bible is the Bible followed mostly. It contains both Testaments, which are New Testaments and Old Testaments. It contains 66 books of Protestants, 73 books of Catholics, and 81 books of orthodox. It contains the whole life cycle of Jesus Christ in it.

What Do The Jews Believe In

According to Jewish belief, there is only one God who has established a covenant with them or a special agreement. Prophets communicate with believers and reward good acts while punishing evil acts, as well as their God. There is a majority of Jews who believe that the Messiah will not come for a long time.

The Messiah And The Jewish People

While there are many similarities between Messianic Judaism, Christianity, and Judaism, Messianic Jewish people embrace their Jewish heritage, while believing that Yeshua is the Messiah, the promised Redeemer of Israel and all of mankind.If youre interested in learning more about Messianic Jewish people or Jewish Voice Ministries, contact us or visit our about us page.

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Faith Versus Good Deeds

Judaism teaches that the purpose of the Torah is to teach us how to act correctly. God’s existence is a given in Judaism, and not something that most authorities see as a matter of required belief. Although some authorities see the Torah as commanding Jews to believe in God, Jews see belief in God as a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for a Jewish life. The quintessential verbal expression of Judaism is the Shema Yisrael, the statement that the God of the Bible is their God, and that this God is unique and one. The quintessential physical expression of Judaism is behaving in accordance with the 613 Mitzvot , and thus live one’s life in God’s ways.

Thus fundamentally in Judaism, one is enjoined to bring holiness into life , rather than removing oneself from life to be holy.

In both religions, offenses against the will of God are called sin. These sins can be thoughts, words, or deeds.

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The only statements in the Tanakh about the status of a fetus state that killing an unborn infant does not have the same status as killing a born human being, and mandates a much lesser penalty. .

Is The Jewish Bible Different From King James

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The Hebrew Bible is referred to as Tanakh by Jews. The Old Testament is referred to by Christians as such. The King James Version of the Bible is authorized by the Church of England for Protestantism under James VI of England. The Hebrew Bible was originally written in Hebrew, but some parts were written in Aramaic as well.

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Why Doesnt The Hebrew Bible Contain The New Testament

Jewish tradition does not hold that the New Testament is part of Scriptural canon. Judaism does not see Jesus Christ as divine or the son of God. They are still waiting for the Messiah mentioned in the Old Testament, believing Jesus not to be the person who fulfilled that messianic role.

Because of this, Jewish and Christian perspectives will differ on the purpose of the Old Testament or Tanakh.

Christians see the Old Testament as the beginning of the story, and the New Testament as the completion of it. We see a lost world in need of a Savior, and a Savior enters the world starting in the New Testament.

This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit .

Jewish readers may see the Tanakh more as a guide for a way of life, especially in the Torah , instructional living, in essence.

Although, as mentioned in this article, many are still awaiting the Messiah described and foreshadowed in the Old Testament.

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord .

The Tanakh Explained: The Hebrew Bible Vs The Christian Bible

The Tanakh and the Bible are related to each other in many ways. The Christian and Jewish religions stem from similar origins, but are two distinct faiths with different religious texts. Some mistakenly believe that the Hebrew Bible–that is, the Tanakh–is identical to what the Christians know as the Old Testament. But this is not the case. To help clarify what the jewish Tanakh is, let’s take a look at the Tanakh and its various parts. Then let us consider and compare it to the Bible.

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What Is Holy Bible

The holy bible is a book believed to contain the guidances of god to follow by the Christian religion and the Jews. It includes laws, stories, prayers, and songs. This book also contains the history of Jesus Christ. It contains information about events that occurred around 0 AD.

It also has information about the birth, death, and whole life of Jesus Christ. It explains to us how his followers moved around the world, spreading his message and teachings.

The bible was brought together around 100 AD. It was originally in Greek and was converted into English in the 14th Century. The bible was turned into English so that people could read it themselves, But many churches were against it as reading the bible was the priests work. But it was finally completely translated and printed into Modern English by the early 16th century. And now, it has been translated into more than 450 languages.

There are two divisions of testaments in the bible:

  • The Old Testament.

People have different views of the Bible. Christians believe that Bible is the direct word of god to people. Some people believe that only the Old Testament is true, and some believe both are true.

Main Differences Between Hebrew Bible And Holy Bible

Biblical and Modern Hebrew Differences – Jewish Roots History Channel
  • The Hebrew Bible only contains old testaments, whereas the Holy bible holds both old and new testaments.
  • There a total of 4 sections of old testaments as well as 4 sections in new testaments in the Holy bible, whereas there are only 3 sections in Hebrew testaments.
  • The Holy bible contains 66 books of Protestants, 73 books of Catholics, and 81 books of orthodox, whereas the Hebrew bible has 24 books.
  • There are 12 minor prophets in the Hebrew Bible combined into a single book. Even Ezra and Nehemiah is compiled in a single book, whereas every 12 minor prophets have their book in the Holy Bible, Ezra and Nehemiah consist of their books belonging to them.
  • The Holy Bible has more and new generation followers, too, whereas the Hebrew bible has only those followers who practice and have faith in old rituals.
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    The Term Hebrew Bible

    Biblia Hebraica Development of the Christian Biblical canon

    Many biblical studies scholars advocate use of the term Hebrew Bible as a substitute for less-neutral terms with Jewish or Christian connotations . The Society of Biblical Literature‘s Handbook of Style, which is the standard for major academic journals like the Harvard Theological Review and conservative Protestant journals like the Bibliotheca Sacra and the Westminster Theological Journal, suggests that authors “be aware of the connotations of alternative expressions such as…Hebrew Bible Old Testament” without prescribing the use of either.Alister McGrath points out that while the term emphasizes that it is largely written in Hebrew and “is sacred to the Hebrew people”, it “fails to do justice to the way in which Christianity sees an essential continuity between the Old and New Testaments”, arguing that there is “no generally accepted alternative to the traditional term ‘Old Testament.'” However, he accepts that there is no reason why non-Christians should feel obliged to refer to these books as the Old Testament, “apart from custom of use.”

    Development Of The Christian Canons

    Development of the Old Testament canonDevelopment of the New Testament canonSt. Jerome in his StudyJeromeLatinVulgate

    The Old Testament canon entered into Christian use in the Greek Septuagint translations and original books, and their differing lists of texts. In addition to the Septuagint, Christianity subsequently added various writings that would become the New Testament. Somewhat different lists of accepted works continued to develop in antiquity. In the 4th century a series of synods produced a list of texts equal to the 39, 46, 51, or 54-book canon of the Old Testament and to the 27-book canon of the New Testament that would be subsequently used to today, most notably the Synod of Hippo in 393 CE. Also c. 400, Jerome produced a definitive Latin edition of the Bible , the canon of which, at the insistence of the Pope, was in accord with the earlier Synods. With the benefit of hindsight, it can be said that this process effectively set the New Testament canon, although there are examples of other canonical lists in use after this time.

    The New Testament writers assumed the inspiration of the Old Testament, probably earliest stated in 2 Timothy 3:16, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God”.

    Some denominations have additional canonical holy scriptures beyond the Bible, including the standard works of the Latter Day Saints movement and Divine Principle in the Unification Church.

    Ethiopian Orthodox canon

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    The Prophets: The Neviim

    Included in this section are:

    It may seem odd to Christian readers that some books made the cut of the prophets section and others didnt. For instance, Joshua doesnt appear to have much prophecy, but Daniel does .

    We have to keep in mind that we will see differences in structure and even some of the content in the Tanakh versus the Old Testament. This article, for instance, mentions that in Christian Bibles, we have some more material for certain books such as Esther and Daniel, etc. that the Jews do not consider to be canonical.

    Hebrew Bible Vs Christian Bible


    The main difference between Hebrew Bible and Christian Bible is that the Hebrew Bible consists of Old Testament only. On the other hand, both the Old Testament and the New Testament are considered as the Christian Bible. Judaism doesnt accept Jesus Christ as a God. On the other hand, Christianity accepts and worships Jesus as God himself.

    The Hebrew Bible is the sacred scriptures of Jewish people. It is also known as the Hebrew Scriptures or Tanakh. The Old Testament is generally considered the Hebrew Bible. Jewish people believe that the laws of the first five books of the Bible and the Torah were written by Moses. The Torah was written in the Hebrew language.

    The Christian Bible has two sections, the Old Testament and another is the New Testament. The books of the New Testament are written and formed by the Christians of the first century AD. It is the biblical book about Jesus. Christianity accepts Jesus Christ as the Son of God.

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    What Is Jewish Bible

    The Jewish Bible consists of three parts that are the Torah, the Nevi m and the Ketuvim. The Jewish Bible was called Tanakh. This book was comprised, and consists of writing of this book were of 24 books in total. The Tanakh got developed later between the second and third century.

    The Jewish Bible that is the Tanakh is read by the Hebrews and Jewish people. These people follow Judaism as their religion. The Tanakh is named after three books talking the first letter of each part ofthe five. The Torah tells its followers and teaches the guidelines with rules and duties with obligations stated in Genesis, the Numbers, the Exodus, the Deuteronomy and the Leviticus. There are actually the five principle books of the Tanakh, both orally and in written form in the Jewish Bible.

    The Neviâim and the Ketuvim have many categories under them that were transcripted in the Jewish Bible. These transcriptions are known to be as Godâs Supporters who follow them. The Tanakh is a compilation of the first and the second century. The revelations that were made to Moses for Constituting of the oral as well written parts were deciphered.

    What Are The Main Differences Between A Jew And A Christian

    While the question is short and to the point, in truth its answer is rather complex. Probably the best annotated work which describes the differences between Judaism and Christianity is Rabbi Milton Steinberg’s work Basic Judaism, available in paperback.

    The essential difference between Jews and Christians is that Christians accept Jesus as messiah and personal savior. Jesus is not part of Jewish theology. Amongst Jews, Jesus is not considered a divine being. Therefore all holidays that have a connection to the life of Jesus are not part of Jewish life and/or practice .

    Judaism originates as a result of the covenantal relationship between God and Abraham. The Bible is our sacred literature. The relationship between the Jewish people and God is documented in the text. In the Bible, the history, culture, language, theology, and practices of the Jewish people are presented.

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    War Violence And Pacifism

    Jews and Christians accept as valid and binding many of the same moral principles taught in the Torah. There is a great deal of overlap between the ethical systems of these two faiths. Nonetheless, there are some highly significant doctrinal differences.

    Judaism has many teachings about peace and compromise, and its teachings make physical violence the last possible option. Nonetheless, the Talmud teaches that “If someone comes with the intention to murder you, then one is obligated to kill in self-defense “. The clear implication is that to bare one’s throat would be tantamount to suicide and it would also be considered helping a murderer kill someone and thus would “place an obstacle in front of a blind man” . The tension between the laws dealing with peace, and the obligation to self-defense, has led to a set of Jewish teachings that have been described as tactical-pacifism. This is the avoidance of force and violence whenever possible, but the use of force when necessary to save the lives of one’s self and one’s people.

    Because Judaism focuses on this life, many questions to do with survival and conflict were analysed in great depth by the rabbis within the Talmud, in the attempt to understand the principles a godly person should draw upon in such a circumstance.

    Vanderbilt Professors Book Explores Jews And Christians Differing Interpretations Of The Same Biblical Texts

    Lecture 10. Biblical Law: The Three Legal Corpora of JE (Exodus), P (Leviticus and Numbers) and D

    People of different religious traditions interpret the Bible differently, but what did those passages originally mean? In her latest book, The Bible With and Without Jesus, Amy-Jill Levine explores this and how those different traditions sometimes weaponized Scripture against each other.

    Levine, who is University Professor of New Testament and Jewish Studies and Mary Jane Werthan Professor of Jewish Studies at Vanderbilt University, worked with co-writer Marc Z. Brettler from Duke University to examine 10 key passages in the Old Testament and in the Tanakh in their original context. Levine and Brettler explain how the early followers of Jesus understood those passages, and then demonstrate how the post-biblical Jewish tradition interpreted the same texts.

    The passages included the creation of the world, Adam and Eve, Isaiahs Virgin Birth and Suffering Servant, the book of Jonah, the theme of atonement, an eye for an eye, and Psalms 22 and 110.

    When read through Christian lenses, what the church calls the Old Testament points to Jesus. When read through Jewish lenses, what the synagogue calls the Tanakh speaks to a variety of Jewish experiences, said Levine and Brettler. When read through the eyes of historians, these original texts yield meanings often lost to both church and synagogue.

    The Bible With and Without Jesus was published in October 2020 by HarperCollins Publishers.

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    What Is The Difference Between The Hebrew Bible And The King James Bible

    The Hebrew Bible is referred to as Tanakh by Jews. The Old Testament is referred to by Christians as such. The King James Version of the Bible is authorized by the Church of England for Protestantism under James VI of England. The Hebrew Bible was originally written in Hebrew, but some parts were written in Aramaic as well.

    Where Does The Tanakh Differ From The Christian Old Testament

    Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the ‘Old Testament’ which Christians use?

    Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?

    • The question has nothing to do with canonicity , but explicitly where does tanakh differs from Christian OT. bibJul 4, 2013 at 3:25
    • There was an answer here which gave sufficient evidence that they differ significantly , so why was it deleted? I guess it talked about some peschita versions.. bibApr 2, 2015 at 5:53

    The other important thing to remember is that the Jewish Tanach exists primarily in Hebrew and is augmented by commentary from within the Jewish tradition. Any translation, especially one whose translation was influenced by other theologies will deviate in terms of content.

    • 2Thanks for the useful link resends: please can you summarise the content within your answer in case it doesn’t last forever?Mar 4, 2013 at 16:28
    • 1It looks to me like that article is the result of a bad copy-and-paste job. There are some strange missing words in it. One example: “the oldest copy of the Tanakh, the , places Chronicles at the head of the third division”. Huh?Mar 4, 2013 at 19:38
    • 3

    In general the Tanakh is the same as the Christian Old Testament. The differences are:

  • Some Christians use a few extra books, which are called deuterocanonical . These books are found in the earliest Greek translation of the Tanakh, but were later rejected by the rabbis.

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